Renaissance

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Renaissance Science in Europe

By | 2017-08-07T21:36:38+00:00 August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Science|

Copernicus, a Renaissance astronomer Starting in the 1200s AD, as Europe got richer, great universities got started there. In the later Middle Ages, West Asia and India suffered from the Mongol invasions. West Asian people were too poor to send their children to the old university at Baghdad. In the 1300s, the Black Death killed so many people in Egypt that the old university at Cairo also didn't have [...]

Niccolo Machiavelli – The Prince – Florence

By | 2018-04-08T11:14:28+00:00 August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Niccolo Machiavelli Around 1500 AD, Machiavelli was working for the government in the city-state of Florence. Florence was smack in the middle of the Renaissance, which meant that everybody in Florence was thinking and talking about how cool ancient Rome was. After the Medicis tortured him and pushed him out of power in 1513, Machiavelli began writing books [...]

Renaissance Europe – Charles V

By | 2018-04-08T11:14:23+00:00 August 6th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Charles Quint (by Titian, 1548) The biggest worry that people had in the early 1500s AD in Europe was that the Ottoman Empire was going to conquer Europe. Would Europe be ruled by Islamic rulers? And in fact the Ottomans, under their sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, did conquer the eastern half of Europe during the 1500s AD, and many [...]

European history – 1500 to now

By | 2018-04-12T08:53:24+00:00 August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Vasco da Gama and Columbus used ships like these During the 1500s AD, the people of Europe got much richer than they had been in the Middle Ages. With the collapse of the Mongol Empire, European traders gave up on trying to reach India and China overland. The Islamic kingdoms of West Asia were too much in the way. They changed direction [...]

European food history – Renaissance to today

By | 2018-04-20T00:13:50+00:00 August 4th, 2017|Food, Modern Europe|

European food history: An early chocolate house Trade brings new foods During the 1500s and 1600s AD, European traders brought back all kinds of new foods from places they sailed to around the world. Rich people began to eat sugar and ginger from India. (Combining these two new foods together gave us the gingerbread man). Chocolate, coffee, and tea They [...]

Europe’s economy in the Renaissance

By | 2018-04-12T08:53:24+00:00 August 4th, 2017|Economy, Medieval|

The Portuguese force Islamic traders to give them access to the Indian port of Goa (1500s AD, Theodore De Bry) In 1500 AD, Europe was still a marginal player in the world economy, which was centered on Central Asia. Europeans sold mostly raw materials - fur, silver, timber, and amber, to Central Asia via the Silk Road. And the Europeans bought [...]

Clothing in Early Modern Europe

By | 2018-04-08T11:14:14+00:00 August 4th, 2017|Clothing, Modern Europe|

Maerten van Heemskerck, Portrait of Anna Codde, 1529 In the 1500s AD, women in Europe were still getting used to using the spinning wheel instead of the drop spindle to make thread. The spinning wheel was much faster than the drop spindle - four times faster - and so cloth became more available than it had been during [...]

Who was Titian? Renaissance Art

By | 2017-08-04T15:50:49+00:00 August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

Titian's self-portrait of himself in old age The Renaissance painter Titian was born about 1490 AD, near the Italian city of Venice. He was a little younger than other Renaissance artists. When Titian was born, Leonardo da Vinci was middle-aged. Michelangelo was already a teenager, and Raphael was seven years old. Titian's father managed local castles and mines [...]

Raphael – Biography – Renaissance art

By | 2017-08-04T14:52:13+00:00 August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

Raphael's early selfie as a teenager Raphael, Titian, Michelangelo, and Leonardo da Vinci were the four greatest painters of the Renaissance in Italy. Raphael was born in 1483, when Michelangelo was eight years old and Leonardo was already grown up; Titian was a little younger. With their new Chinese compasses, the first European ships were just beginning to sail south to Congo and Angola. Columbus reached the Caribbean when Raphael was nine [...]

Michelangelo – Renaissance art

By | 2018-04-15T15:50:59+00:00 August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

The artist Michelangelo's David Not long after Leonardo da Vinci started working, in 1475 AD, a new artist was born in northern Italy. His name was Michelangelo. Michelangelo's family said they were descended from the powerful Matilda of Canossa, but Michelangelo's father was a banker in Florence. He also owned a small marble quarry, where the small [...]