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Ships and sailing in ancient Africa – early boats

By |2018-04-26T13:31:11+00:00October 3rd, 2017|Africa, Economy, Science|

Early boats: A person in a boat (Barramiya, Upper Egypt, ca. 4000 BC) Early boats: When did people invent boats? African sailing has a long history. People were probably using boats before the first people left Africa. At Blombos Cave in South Africa, people were fishing about 70,000 BC, and by the time people got [...]

Moses and Egypt – Bible stories

By |2018-05-22T23:49:22+00:00August 24th, 2017|Africa, Religion, West Asia|

The Pharaoh's daughter picks Moses up out of his basket (synagogue at Dura Europos, Syria, 200s AD) The Book of Exodus According to the Book of Exodus in the Bible ("Exodus" means leaving, because this is the book about the Jews leaving Egypt), the Jews did very well in Egypt after Joseph brought them there. (More about [...]

Joseph and Egypt – Bible stories

By |2017-10-09T17:15:42+00:00August 24th, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

Joseph dreams and gets put in the well, then talks to Pharaoh (Egypt, 500s AD, cloth) According to the Bible, Isaac was the son of Abraham and Sarah. Isaac married Rebecca. And they had two sons, Jacob and Esau (EE-sow). And Jacob married two women (this was allowed then), Rachel and Leah, who were sisters. Jacob [...]

Who was the Egyptian god Horus? – Gods of Ancient Egypt

By |2018-06-10T23:26:34+00:00June 18th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, Religion|

Good luck charm of the eye of the god Horus (Old Kingdom, ca. 2000 BC) Horus was the son of Re Horus was an Egyptian god, originally from Upper Egypt (Southern Egypt). In the Old Kingdom, people thought of Horus as having the head of a falcon, and his name means "falcon" in [...]

Cinderella Story from Ancient Egypt

By |2017-06-17T18:27:09+00:00June 17th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, Literature|

Straw flip-flops from ancient Egypt Rhodopis was a girl from ancient Greece, who as a child was sold into slavery in Egypt. In Egypt, the other slaves made fun of Rhodopis because she looked different, with her blue eyes and white skin. Rhodopis (row-DOPP-iss) was very unhappy with no friends and everyone making [...]

When was the New Kingdom? Ancient Egypt

By |2018-05-08T15:37:31+00:00June 15th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, History|

New Kingdom Egypt: The pharaoh Hatshepsut Ahmose starts the 18th Dynasty With the reunification of Egypt by the southerner Ahmose (Kamose died before it was united) and the expulsion of the Hyksos, Egypt was rich again starting about 1500 BC, under the 18th dynasty pharaohs. (Egyptians started counting a new dynasty whenever the [...]

When was the Middle Kingdom? Ancient Egypt

By |2018-05-08T15:37:29+00:00June 14th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, History|

Mentuhotep II, Pharaoh of the Middle Kingdom The Middle Kingdom was formed after a series of wars between the rulers of Upper Egypt (the South) and Lower Egypt (the North). The rulers of Upper Egypt won, and they reunified the country about 2000 BC, with the capital first at Thebes in the south, [...]

When was the First Intermediate Period? – Ancient Egypt

By |2018-05-08T15:35:00+00:00June 14th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, Environment, History|

First Intermediate Period: a time of climate crisis? A Nilometer on Elephantine Island (Nile Valley Tours) - This ancient Egyptian device measured how high the Nile floods were each year. The Old Kingdom collapses The end of the Old Kingdom, around 2100 BC, seems to have been caused by a major climate change.  [...]

Pharaoh – Egyptian King or Queen – Government in ancient Egypt

By |2018-11-19T07:42:09+00:00June 14th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, Government|

Amenemhet III, Egyptian pharaoh (Egyptian king) Pharaoh: an Egyptian king or queen The Egyptian Pharaoh (FARE-oh) owned all of Egypt, and everything in it: all the land, all the tools, all the animals, and all the people. He or she could tell anybody what to do, and they would have to do it. [...]

Middle Kingdom Egyptian Sculpture

By |2018-04-19T12:28:57+00:00June 13th, 2017|Africa, Art, Egypt|

Amenemhet III, Egyptian pharaoh By the time of the Middle Kingdom, about 2000 BC, Egyptian sculptors, like other Egyptian artists, were beginning to work in a new style. Senroset, Egyptian pharaoh In the Middle Kingdom, the Pharaohs no longer look so serious and strong; now they look more boyish and eager, [...]