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West Asia in the Stone Age

By |2018-09-04T08:07:08+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Stone Age West Asia: A building at Gobekli Tepe (ca. 9000 BC) Stone Age West Asia By around 10,000 BC, people in West Asia were beginning to settle down in one place instead of traveling around, even though they were still hunting and gathering and fishing. What is gathering?  Probably this was because the end of the Ice Age was [...]

Who were the Moche? South American history

By |2018-04-19T15:03:12+00:00September 9th, 2017|History, South America|

Moche portrait of a blind man, 400-500 AD (thanks to Oberlin College) The collapse of the Chavin state in Peru, about 250 BC, seems to have opened the way for the Moche and the Nazca to develop states of their own. The Moche started up around 100 AD along the Pacific coast of South America, in what is now northern Peru. The [...]

Medieval houses – Europe

By |2017-07-31T05:36:17+00:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Colleta di Castelbianco, Italy Houses in the Middle Ages were different from Roman houses in several ways. One important change was that more people lived in small villages for safety, instead of in farmhouses on their own land. Another change was that more people used fireplaces and chimneys to heat their houses and to cook [...]

Mehrgahr – Stone Age India

By |2018-11-05T18:44:18+00:00July 20th, 2017|History, India|

Clay figurines from Mehrgahr First people in India The first people reached India from Africa around 40,000 BC. There were probably still Neanderthals and Denisovans further north, but not in India. At first Indian people probably got most of their food from fishing and gathering shellfish, like other people around the world at this time. People leave Africa Early [...]

Vedic architecture in India

By |2017-07-19T17:15:33+00:00July 19th, 2017|Architecture, India|

A barrel-vaulted thatched house in rural India today. After the collapse of the Harappan civilization about 2000 BC, for hundreds of years there were no more cities in India. Instead, people lived in small villages with wooden palisade fences around them. The fences kept their sheep in, and wild animals out. People's houses were different too. They built one-room cottages [...]

Egyptian houses – Ancient Egypt

By |2018-04-09T23:55:19+00:00June 13th, 2017|Africa, Architecture, Egypt|

A model of an Egyptian house found in a tomb from the First Intermediate Period (about 2100 BC) Most Egyptian people lived in small houses like this one. The house was built out of mudbrick, with wooden beams holding up the flat mud roof. Our word "adobe" for mudbrick comes from the ancient [...]