Michelangelo

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Renaissance Science in Europe

By |2017-08-07T21:36:38+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Science|

Copernicus, a Renaissance astronomer Starting in the 1200s AD, as Europe got richer, great universities got started there. In the later Middle Ages, West Asia and India suffered from the Mongol invasions. West Asian people were too poor to send their children to the old university at Baghdad. In the 1300s, the Black Death killed so many people in Egypt that the old university at Cairo also didn't have [...]

Who was Titian? Renaissance Art

By |2017-08-04T15:50:49+00:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

Titian's self-portrait of himself in old age The Renaissance painter Titian was born about 1490 AD, near the Italian city of Venice. He was a little younger than other Renaissance artists. When Titian was born, Leonardo da Vinci was middle-aged. Michelangelo was already a teenager, and Raphael was seven years old. Titian's father managed local castles and mines [...]

Raphael – Biography – Renaissance art

By |2018-04-23T09:44:15+00:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

Raphael's early selfie as a teenager Raphael, Titian, Michelangelo, and Leonardo da Vinci were the four greatest painters of the Renaissance in Italy. Raphael was born in 1483, when Michelangelo was eight years old and Leonardo was already grown up; Titian was a little younger. With their new Chinese compasses, the first European ships were just beginning to sail south to Congo and Angola. Columbus reached the Caribbean when Raphael was nine [...]

Michelangelo – Renaissance art

By |2018-04-21T13:20:49+00:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

The artist Michelangelo's David Not long after Leonardo da Vinci started working, in 1475 AD, a new artist was born in northern Italy. His name was Michelangelo. Michelangelo's family said they were descended from the powerful Matilda of Canossa, but Michelangelo's father was a banker in Florence. He also owned a small marble quarry, where the small [...]

Late medieval Florence – the Medici

By |2018-04-10T22:50:25+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Lorenzo de' Medici In the early 1400s AD, a few rich families ruled the city-state of Florence in northern Italy. With the Holy Roman Empire very weak, these families ran Florence as an independent country. But most people in Florence had lost the political power they used to have, and they were angry about it. The Medici family, who owned a successful bank, [...]

Perugino – medieval Italian painter

By |2017-08-01T08:03:49+00:00August 1st, 2017|History|

Perugino's selfie Perugino means "a man from Perugia," and that's where Perugino grew up, in Perugia in northern Italy. It was just at the end of the Middle Ages. Perugino was about the same age as Leonardo da Vinci. The two teenagers probably were apprentices in the same painter's workshop in Florence. But by the time Perugino [...]

Donatello – sculptor in Florence

By |2018-04-10T22:50:24+00:00July 31st, 2017|Art, Medieval|

David, by Donatello Donatello was an Italian sculptor, from Florence, in the later Middle Ages. He was born in Florence about 1386 AD, so when he grew up he was a friend of the architect Brunelleschi who built the big dome of Florence's new cathedral. Donatello helped Ghiberti make the doors. Like his friend Brunelleschi, Donatello was interested in ancient Roman art. [...]

What is fresco painting? History of Art

By |2018-04-21T15:09:35+00:00May 25th, 2017|Art, History|

Fresco painting from Thera, Greece (about 1600 BC) Fresco is the Italian word for "fresh", and that's because painters do fresco painting on fresh, wet plaster walls. That way the colors really sink in to the plaster, and you get a glowing kind of color that is very different from what you would get [...]