Medieval Warm Period

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Who built Great Zimbabwe? Central African history

By |2018-04-13T01:39:20+00:00October 2nd, 2017|Africa, History|

Central Africa in the Middle Ages: Great Zimbabwe Iron comes to Central Africa Besides South Africa, central Africa is the most isolated part of Africa - for many years, the people who lived here saw almost nobody from outside their own area. So it took longer for people in Central Africa to find out [...]

Who were the Maya? Central American history

By |2018-04-12T08:53:13+00:00September 9th, 2017|Central America, History|

Maya royal palace at Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico (600s-700s AD) When the Olmec rulers began to lose control of their country about 600 BC, new leaders came forward and took over ruling in Central America (modern Guatemala). These were the Maya. Archaeologists divide Maya history into four time periods, the Pre-Classic, the Classic, and the Post-Classic. The [...]

Tuniit history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-07T17:05:41+00:00August 10th, 2017|History, Native American|

Pre-Dorset fish hook Several thousand years after the first people crossed the Bering Land Bridge into North America, other people came to North America by boats, crossing from Siberia across the Arctic Ocean to Alaska. This was about 7000-5000 BC. Archaeologists call these people the pre-Dorset Culture. These people seem to have begun to leave Alaska about 4500 BC, when a warming [...]

Early Mandan history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-07T17:05:36+00:00August 9th, 2017|History, Native American|

Shawnee state forest in Ohio - where the Mandan were living in 500 AD The Mandan were relatives of the Sioux people. Around 500 AD, they probably lived in the Midwest of North America, in what is now Ohio. Like their Sioux relatives, and like the Mississippians to their south, the Crow to their west and the Shawnee to their east, the Mandan [...]

Iroquois history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-24T10:24:00+00:00August 9th, 2017|History, Native American|

Early Iroquois history: Mohawk pottery Haudenosaunee Early Iroquois history starts when the Iroquois originally came to America with the other Native Americans. They may have first settled around what's now Maryland around 1000 AD. The Iroquois didn't call themselves "Iroquois", which is an Algonquin insult meaning "snakes". They called themselves the "Haudenosaunee", meaning "people who live in [...]

Cherokee environment and climate – Native Americans

By |2018-04-07T17:05:27+00:00August 8th, 2017|Environment, Native American, North America|

Cherokee environment: A waterfall in what is now the south-eastern United States Where the Cherokee lived Where people of the Cherokee nation lived, in what is now North and South Carolina and Georgia, was a great place to live. It never got very cold - even in winter it hardly ever snowed - and it never got that hot [...]

Capetians – French History – Middle Ages

By |2018-04-15T16:50:53+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Monogram of Hugh Capet (980s AD) When the Carolingians died out in 987 AD, the lords of France met to choose a new king. They chose a man named Hugh Capet (hyoo ka-PAY). Hugh Capet was picked for being weak, so the lords could do whatever they wanted and the king wouldn't be able to do anything [...]

Medieval Weather in Europe

By |2018-04-24T08:21:17+00:00August 1st, 2017|Environment, Medieval|

Medieval tapestry (Cluny Museum, Paris) Some people say that the cause of the fall of the Roman empire in the West around 400 AD was a change in the climate, which left many people starving and sick and made people unhappy with their government. It is true that there was a cold period around this time in Western Europe, [...]

Heian period – Early Medieval Japan

By |2018-04-18T09:53:54+00:00July 27th, 2017|History, Japan|

Godai Kokuzo Bodhisattva (Jingo-ji Temple, Kyoto), ca. 800-900 AD After Empress Koken died in 770 AD, there was a major change in how Japan's government worked. The powerful families got more power, the same way they did in China about this time. Women were shut out of power. The next emperor, Konin, was an old man (62 years [...]

Medieval Islamic environment

By |2017-07-23T16:51:23+00:00July 23rd, 2017|Environment, Islam, West Asia|

Bedouin tents today in the Arabian peninsula We can divide the environmental history of the medieval Islamic Empire into three different phases. The early phase, from the 600s to about 800 AD, is the time of the Umayyad and the Abbasid Caliphs. The climate was probably pretty similar to what it had been [...]