Maimonides

/Tag: Maimonides

Maimonides – a Jewish doctor in medieval Cairo

By |2019-05-21T11:54:39-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Saladin's castle in Cairo, where Maimonides worked Maimonides and health care In the 1100s AD, when Maimonides wrote his book about medicine, doctors didn't have very many medicines or medical treatments that worked. The Guide for the Perplexed Medieval Islamic medicine Most of the things they tried just made people even worse. Maimonides was smart enough to realize [...]

Medieval Islamic medicine

By |2019-08-22T09:31:55-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Islamic medicine: From an Ottoman manuscript, two doctors telling the pharmacist how to make different medicines Writing medical encyclopedias Doctors made big scientific advances in medicine during the Islamic empire. The Islamic Empire was rich enough from Silk Road trade and trading on the Indian Ocean to pay a lot of doctors and scientists, [...]

Medieval Islamic science

By |2018-04-24T08:21:20-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Al Tusi's diagram of linear motion from circular motion In the Early Middle Ages, before the formation of the Islamic Empire, Buddhists ran the world's biggest universities. One was in India, at Nalanda. Another was in what is now Pakistan, at Taxila. In Egypt, the University of Alexandria was still an important center of learning, too. Most serious scholars went to [...]

Ibn Sina – Islamic medicine

By |2019-09-16T20:24:05-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam|

Where ibn Sina came from: Uzbekistan Ibn Sina and the Samanids in Uzbekistan Ibn Sina (known to Europeans as Avicenna) was a scientist. He was born about 980 AD in the north-eastern part of the Abbasid Empire. That was in the kingdom of the Samanids. (It's modern Uzbekistan.) Who were the Samanids? Medieval Islamic science All our medieval Islam [...]

ibn Rushd – Medieval Islamic Science

By |2019-09-08T07:23:49-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Philosophy, Science|

Ibn Rushd prayed and studied in this Cordoba mosque Can science and religion work together? Since the time of Socrates  - or before - many people have tried to figure out how science and religion can both be true at the same time. Ibn Rushd, like the earlier ibn Sina and al-Ghazali, was part of this [...]

ibn al-Nafis – Discoveries of Islamic scientists

By |2019-09-06T09:40:40-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Illustration in Ibn al-Nafis Who was ibn al Nafis? Ibn al Nafis was born in Syria in the early 1200s AD, just as the power of the Seljuks was collapsing. He studied medicine in Damascus (in Syria) at first, but then moved to Cairo, in Mamluk Egypt, to work with the best doctors of his time (and [...]

Guide for the Perplexed – Maimonides

By |2019-05-21T11:55:23-07:00July 25th, 2017|Egypt, Medieval, Philosophy|

Maimonides studied in this Cordoba synagogue in Spain (1315 AD, rebuilt from Maimonides' time) What did Maimonides study? When Maimonides was a child, in the 1100s AD, he studied Jewish religious law in the Cordoba synagogue, in Spain. When he was a young man, he studied Aristotle and other scientific philosophers at the University of Fez in Morocco. Who was Aristotle?  [...]

Saladin and the Ayyubid Dynasty

By |2019-02-07T06:01:19-07:00July 23rd, 2017|History, Islam|

Saladin Saladin started the Ayyubids When the First Crusade defeated the Fatimid Caliphs and captured Jerusalem in 1099 AD, people were very upset. People in Egypt and Syria gradually decided that the Fatimids were too weak to rule anymore. One of their generals, Saladin (Salah ad-Din ibn Ayyub in Arabic), took over control from the Fatimids. He founded the Ayyubid [...]

Almohad Caliphate – Medieval Islam

By |2019-01-22T20:56:07-07:00July 23rd, 2017|History, Islam|

Rabat gate, Morocco, about 1200 AD Who were the Almohads? During the 1100s AD, while the Ayyubids were taking over Egypt, the Almohad dynasty managed to conquer and rule the rest of North Africa (modern Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco) and Iberia (modern Spain and Portugal). Saladin and the Ayyubids Before the Almohads: the Fatimids Islamic North Africa All [...]

Doctors and medicine in ancient Egypt

By |2019-09-13T06:43:27-07:00June 19th, 2017|Egypt|

Ancient Egyptian medicine: Egyptian boys being circumcised, from the tomb of the Vizier Ankhmahor and his wife Mereruka Sixth Dynasty (Old Kingdom, ca. 2300 BC) Best doctors in the Western world Throughout all of antiquity, from the Stone Age to the Islamic period, the doctors of Egypt were the best in the Western [...]