Jerusalem

/Tag: Jerusalem

Daniel in the lion’s den – Bible stories

By |2019-05-01T05:57:37-07:00August 23rd, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

Daniel in the lion's den, from the sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, 359 AD in Rome Who was Daniel? In the Bible story, Daniel was one of the Jews who was in captivity in Babylon during the reign of the Neo-Babylonian kings, in the 600s BC. Babylonian Captivity Neo-Babylonians History of the Jews All our West Asia articles [...]

Sixth Crusade – Medieval History

By |2017-08-03T15:08:20-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor Soon after the failure of the Fifth Crusade, Frederick II, the Holy Roman Emperor, decided he would try his luck on Crusade, since he hadn't been allowed to go on the last one. Frederick marched on Acre, in Syria. Acre was under the control of the Islamic Mamluks. But not everyone [...]

Seventh Crusade – Louis IX and Baybars

By |2017-08-03T15:02:32-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Louis IX (Saint Louis) The Seventh Crusade was not started by any Pope, but by King Louis IX of France, who became known later as Saint Louis because of his great devotion to the Christian God. The year after the Mamluks captured Jerusalem from the Europeans in 1244 AD, Louis announced his Crusade (in 1245). His mother, Blanche of Castile, thought [...]

Fourth Crusade – the sack of Constantinople

By |2019-06-12T06:55:27-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

The Pope calls for another crusade In 1200 AD, Pope Innocent began to ask the rulers of Europe to participate in a fourth crusade, again attempting to take Jerusalem away from the Ayyubids who ruled there. Saladin had died in 1193 AD, and some Europeans thought his successors were weaker and would be easier to beat. The kings and queens of Europe weren't interested, [...]

Second Crusade – Medieval history

By |2019-02-13T10:29:52-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval, West Asia|

Castle of Edessa After the First Crusade After the First Crusade in 1096 AD set up Christian kingdoms all along the coast of Israel and Lebanon, of course the Fatimid caliphs who had ruled that area before were very upset. The First Crusade The Fatimids All our Islamic Empire articles Melisende and her son Baldwin Melisende and the Mamluks [...]

First Crusade – Middle Ages

By |2019-06-08T20:43:42-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

A Viking ship like the ones that sailed on the First Crusade Before the First Crusade Throughout the 1000s AD, Viking mercenary soldiers, some coming down the Volga river through Russia, and others sailing around through the Straits of Gibraltar, had been fighting for the Byzantine Empire. What are mercenary soldiers? Who were the Vikings? The Byzantine Empire All [...]

Eleanor of Aquitaine – Queen of France and England

By |2019-03-25T05:46:22-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Eleanor of Aquitaine (Cloisters Museum, New York City) Eleanor of Aquitaine was fifteen years old in 1137 AD, and not yet married, when her father, the Duke of Aquitaine, died suddenly. Eleanor had no brothers, so she inherited her father's duchy, which included most of southern France. France under the Capetians Feudalism in medieval [...]

Capetians – French History – Middle Ages

By |2019-02-27T06:29:13-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Monogram of Hugh Capet (980s AD) Who was Hugh Capet? When the Carolingians died out in 987 AD, the lords of France met to choose a new king. They chose a man named Hugh Capet (hyoo ka-PAY). Hugh Capet was picked for being weak, so the lords could do whatever they wanted and the king wouldn't be [...]

The Mamluks – Medieval Islamic history

By |2018-07-12T09:50:47-07:00July 25th, 2017|History, Islam|

Mamluks: A Mamluk inn for merchants in Cairo Mamluks were enslaved soldiers The Mamluks were originally enslaved bodyguards of the Abbasid caliphs of the Islamic Empire (the word "mamluk" just means "slave" in Arabic). Starting around 850 AD, the Abbasid caliphs captured or bought young boys who were not Muslims as slaves. (More about the Abbasids) The caliphs brought the boys [...]