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West Asian mathematics – history of math

By |2018-05-10T10:12:08+00:00September 16th, 2017|Science, West Asia|

History of math: Sumerian multiplication table (2700 BC) Cuneiform multiplication table Once people in West Asia figured out how to write down numbers, about 3500 BC, they quickly began to want to use cuneiform to write down other mathematical ideas. (Read more about the invention of numbers) The earliest example of this that we have is from about 2700 BC. It [...]

Girls and young women in West Asia

By |2018-04-25T23:58:00+00:00September 15th, 2017|People, West Asia|

An enslaved woman stands behind a free Elamite woman who is spinning (600s BC) In West Asia, even more than in most other state societies all over the world, men did not allow women to do all the things that men did. People valued women less than men. In Hammurabi's Code, from 1700 BC, there's a lower penalty [...]

Inheritance in West Asia – Mesopotamia and Iran

By |2018-04-25T23:41:43+00:00September 15th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Akkadian will (in the Louvre museum, Paris) This is the will of a man named Baal-Karad from Syria, who lived about 1300 BC, in the time of the New Kingdom in Egypt and the Trojan War in Greece. The scribe wrote Baal-Karad's will in cuneiform letters on a clay tablet. Baal-Karad said that when he died all his stuff should be divided [...]

Roman women: Women in ancient Rome – gender and power

By |2018-05-16T23:44:59+00:00September 4th, 2017|People, Romans|

Roman women: an old woman, about 50 AD. The sculptor has made her look silly on purpose to make fun of old women Were women oppressed in ancient Rome? Roman women lived under many restrictions that did not apply to Roman men. Roman women knew that men were treating them unfairly, and they [...]

Inheriting land in Ancient Egypt

By |2018-04-16T10:12:30+00:00June 18th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, Government|

Egyptian inheritance: an Egyptian land register in demotic writing (200s BC), now at Duke University Egyptian inheritance law As in other parts of Africa, ancient Egyptian law said that every child in the family should inherit the same amount of land or money when their parents died - both brothers and sisters. Brother-sister [...]

The family in ancient Egypt

By |2018-12-11T12:19:42+00:00June 17th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, People|

An Egyptian family: Nefertiti, Akhenaten, and their daughters A typical Egyptian family Most Egyptians lived in families with a mother and a father and children, just as many people do today. But an ancient Egyptian family often had five or more children. That was because so many children died before they grew up. [...]