hoplites

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War in ancient Greece

By |2018-04-23T14:26:48+00:00July 19th, 2017|Greeks, War|

Greek warfare: hoplite soldiers (Chigi Vase, ca. 650 BC) Wars were very common in ancient Greece. The Greeks lived in little city-states, each one like a small town in the United States today, with no more than about 100,000 people in each city-state. These city-states - Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes - were always fighting each other over their borders. [...]

Greek hoplites and democracy – Classical Greece

By |2018-05-30T23:35:45+00:00July 19th, 2017|Greeks, War|

Greek hoplites and democracy - a Corinthian helmet from the 600s BC Hoplites needed armor When the Greek city-states turned to this new hoplite way of fighting, it meant that each man had to have the right armor. Nobody could fight without a shield, and a helmet, and all that. So you could only be a [...]

Ancient Greek soldiers: the Greek hoplite phalanx

By |2018-05-04T23:13:29+00:00July 19th, 2017|Greeks, War|

Ancient Greek soldiers - Greek hoplites in a phalanx formation (Chigi Vase, ca. 650 BC) Before the hoplite phalanx In the Bronze Age, and in the early part of the Archaic period, Greek soldiers fought their battles the same way most other soldiers did in the Mediterranean and West Asia. They learned to [...]

End of the Peloponnesian War

By |2018-03-30T20:12:43+00:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|

The end of the Peloponnesian War: Tissaphernes, the Persian satrap Alcibiades changes sides The Spartans defeated the Sicilian Expedition in 415 BC. Plus, now they had the help of the Athenian general Alcibiades, who had gone over to the Spartan side. Alcibiades taught the Spartans how to fight naval battles.So the Spartans started [...]

Battle of Marathon – First Persian War – Ancient Greece

By |2017-12-22T09:46:02+00:00July 7th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Battle of Marathon: The plain of Marathon The First Persian War The Persians were attacking Greece! They landed at Marathon in the fall of 490 BC. When the Athenians heard that the Persians had landed, the citizens (the free men) met in their assembly to decide what to do. Should Athens fight or [...]

Corinth, Greece in the Classical period – a rich city-state in ancient Greece

By |2018-01-10T10:37:56+00:00July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Corinth, Greece: Corinthian aryballos (perfume jar) in the shape of an owl (now in the Louvre, Paris) Corinth, Greece: A Greek city-state sells perfume and pottery In the 800s and 700s BC, Corinth was very wealthy from trade and from selling their perfume in little fancy pottery jars. Corinthian traders also  sold the [...]