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History of the human body – doctors and science

By |2018-04-25T17:08:36-07:00September 6th, 2017|Science|

Ebers Papyrus, one of the oldest known medical texts. From Egypt, about 1550 BC Doctors have been trying to figure out how the human body works since the Stone Age, and there are still many things we don't know about the human body even today. Medical researchers all over the world have contributed bits [...]

Medicine and doctors in the Roman Empire

By |2019-07-15T22:20:43-07:00September 4th, 2017|Romans, Science|

Roman medicine: Galen used surgical instruments like these What do we mean by Roman medicine? Roman medicine is really West Asian and African medicine. That's because most of the great doctors of the Roman Empire lived in West Asia (in Turkey and Syria), or in Africa (in Egypt), not in Europe. Egyptian doctors [...]

Science in Early Modern Europe

By |2018-04-13T01:12:09-07:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Science|

Early modern science: Tycho Brahe (He looks funny because his nose got cut off in a duel and he wore a false one made of brass.) New observatories in Europe Europe's colonialism and slave trading brought a lot of money to Europe. By 1600 AD the fashion for building new observatories that had swept from China west [...]

Peter Paul Rubens – European art history

By |2017-08-04T15:40:52-07:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

Rubens (self-portrait), 1620 AD Peter Paul Rubens was born in Germany in 1577. At that time, the Holy Roman Emperors were weak and there were a bunch of civil wars going on. His father, who was a lawyer, was also a Calvinist - a Protestant. The family fled to Cologne before Rubens was born, because of fighting between [...]

Medieval Islamic medicine

By |2019-08-22T09:31:55-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Islamic medicine: From an Ottoman manuscript, two doctors telling the pharmacist how to make different medicines Writing medical encyclopedias Doctors made big scientific advances in medicine during the Islamic empire. The Islamic Empire was rich enough from Silk Road trade and trading on the Indian Ocean to pay a lot of doctors and scientists, [...]

Ibn Sina (Avicenna) – Medieval Islamic medicine – Islamic Empire

By |2019-04-24T06:03:09-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Where Ibn Sina came from: Uzbekistan Ibn Sina and the Samanids in Uzbekistan Ibn Sina (known to Europeans as Avicenna) was a scientist. He was born about 980 AD in the north-eastern part of the Abbasid Empire. That was in the kingdom of the Samanids. (It's modern Uzbekistan.) Who were the Samanids? Medieval Islamic science All our medieval Islam [...]

al Nafis – Discoveries of Islamic scientists

By |2017-07-27T08:02:08-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Illustration in Ibn al Nafis Ibn al Nafis was born in Syria in the early 1200s AD, just as the power of the Seljuks was collapsing. He studied medicine in Damascus (in Syria) at first, but then moved to Cairo, in Mamluk Egypt, to work with the best doctors of his time (and maybe to escape the Mongol [...]