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Oil – American science

By |2018-04-24T11:06:04+00:00August 15th, 2017|North America, Science|

A homemade oil lamp Oil is a kind of liquid made out of hydrocarbon molecules. It is mostly fat. Lots of plants and animals make oil. In North America, people got most of their oil from salmon, bison, and sunflowers. In Central America, it was avocados and nuts. In Europe, it was butter and lard from cows and pigs. In North Africa and West Asia, it was olives, and [...]

Native American food – North America – pemmican and succotash

By |2018-04-24T09:40:41+00:00August 8th, 2017|Food, Native American|

Native American food: Inuit carving of a sea lion Hunting and gathering wild food Early on, until about 2000 BC, people in North America ate only wild foods that they could hunt or gather. Salmon, wapato, pine nuts and acorn flour These foods varied according to the environment where each group of people lived. Inuit people, who lived in the far north along [...]

Where do sunflowers come from? North America

By |2018-06-01T10:58:55+00:00June 23rd, 2017|Food, Native American|

Wild sunflowers or Black-Eyed Susan flowers Where do sunflowers grow wild? Sunflowers grew wild all over North America. From the Paleo-Indian time on, many different groups of people picked sunflowers and ate the little seeds. Where do sunflower seeds come from? Sunflower seeds grow in the middle of the flower, packed tightly together. They are [...]

Where do avocados grow? Mexico – Avocado history

By |2018-05-24T17:18:44+00:00June 20th, 2017|Central America, Food|

Avocado history: this is a modern avocado. Where do avocados grow? Mexico. Where do avocados come from? Avocados first evolved about 350 million years ago. That was in the Cretaceous period. Avocados evolved about the same time as other flowering plants like tomatoes and sunflowers. They're a kind of large berry that's native [...]

Where do almonds come from? West Asian food

By |2018-04-16T12:29:37+00:00June 20th, 2017|Food|

Almonds drying after harvest (Southern Spain) Wild almonds are related to peaches and apples. Almonds probably evolved about the same time, around five million years ago. Like peach trees and apple trees, almond trees made cyanide poison. That kept sheep and goats and rabbits from eating their fruit. Peach trees grew in East Asia (China), [...]

History of Cheese – Central Asia

By |2018-04-19T09:26:55+00:00June 12th, 2017|Central Asia, Food|

History of cheese: There are lots of different kinds of cheese. How to preserve milk? If you don't have a refrigerator, there's no way to keep milk from going bad within a few hours. Even WITH a refrigerator milk goes bad in about a week. But ancient cows and sheep and goats only [...]

How to make pemmican – Native American project

By |2018-04-07T17:05:20+00:00June 11th, 2017|Food, Native American|

A Native woman making pemmican Our word "pemmican" comes from the Cree word "pimikan". Pemmican was a sort of energy bar: not great food, but a lot of fat and sugar and protein to keep you going in winter or if you were traveling or working hard. This is how you make pemmican: First [...]