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What are llamas? South American animals

By |2018-04-12T08:53:21+00:00September 8th, 2017|Environment, South America|

A llama in Bolivia Llamas evolved from camels. Camels evolved in North America about 45 million years ago. They lived in the Rocky Mountains and all across the southern part of North America. While they were still in North America, some camels evolved into llamas. Llamas spread from there south into South America about 3 million years ago. [...]

What is opium? World history of medicine and drugs

By |2017-09-07T09:33:48+00:00September 7th, 2017|Central Asia, Science|

Opium poppy flower Opium comes from a kind of poppy flower. It evolved around 100 million years ago in West Asia and Central Asia. People probably realized as soon as they got to West Asia, about 60,000 years ago, that you could use opium as a medicine. By 6000 BC, in the Stone Age, West Asian farmers were already growing opium in their [...]

Where do turkeys come from? Central America

By |2018-07-03T08:33:06+00:00June 23rd, 2017|Central America, Food|

Wild turkeys Turkeys evolved from earlier birds. The ancestors of the turkey evolved about 100 million years ago, from the dinosaurs that were alive at that time. By about 11 million years ago, turkeys had evolved to be different from pheasants. Turkeys are related to chickens, but wild chickens lived mainly in East [...]

Where do sunflowers come from? North America

By |2018-06-01T10:58:55+00:00June 23rd, 2017|Food, Native American|

Wild sunflowers or Black-Eyed Susan flowers Where do sunflowers grow wild? Sunflowers grew wild all over North America. From the Paleo-Indian time on, many different groups of people picked sunflowers and ate the little seeds. Where do sunflower seeds come from? Sunflower seeds grow in the middle of the flower, packed tightly together. They are [...]

History of Lentils – West Asian Food

By |2018-04-16T12:29:33+00:00June 22nd, 2017|Food, West Asia|

Brown lentils Lentils are a type of bean, native to West Asia. They grow on low bushes, and can do well with very little water. The lentils themselves are the seeds of the plant. People have surely been gathering and eating lentils since they first came to West Asia, about 60,000 years ago. [...]

Where do avocados grow? Mexico – Avocado history

By |2018-05-24T17:18:44+00:00June 20th, 2017|Central America, Food|

Avocado history: this is a modern avocado. Where do avocados grow? Mexico. Where do avocados come from? Avocados first evolved about 350 million years ago. That was in the Cretaceous period. Avocados evolved about the same time as other flowering plants like tomatoes and sunflowers. They're a kind of large berry that's native [...]

Where do apples come from? – History of apples

By |2018-09-17T06:09:30+00:00June 20th, 2017|Central Asia, Food|

The history of apples starts in Central Asia Where do apples come from? Apple trees grew wild in Central Asia and western China beginning - as new DNA studies show - about ten to twenty million years ago, around the time that the first humans were evolving. That was the Tertiary Period. Apples [...]

Where do almonds come from? West Asian food

By |2018-04-16T12:29:37+00:00June 20th, 2017|Food|

Almonds drying after harvest (Southern Spain) Wild almonds are related to peaches and apples. Almonds probably evolved about the same time, around five million years ago. Like peach trees and apple trees, almond trees made cyanide poison. That kept sheep and goats and rabbits from eating their fruit. Peach trees grew in East Asia (China), [...]

Where do horses come from?

By |2018-09-17T06:27:04+00:00June 20th, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Where do horses come from? Wild horses and the history of horses Where did horses first evolve? Horses, at first, were all wild animals like zebras are today. Although they first evolved in North America about 3.5 million years ago, horses became extinct there. When did mammals evolve? Why did horses die out [...]