Cairo

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2 10, 2017

Medieval African clothing – more and more cotton

By |2019-08-21T09:33:48-07:00October 2nd, 2017|Africa|2 Comments

Cotton cloth made in Gujarat, India andfound in Fustat (Cairo, Egypt) - ca. 800 AD(Now in Oxford, England) People first began to weave cotton in India, also around 2000 BC, but cotton weaving soon spread to Egypt, and all down the east side of Africa. By the 400s AD, the people of Meroe and Kush were growing and weaving cotton for their clothes. Before 800 AD, [...]

3 08, 2017

Seventh Crusade – Louis IX and Baybars

By |2017-08-03T15:02:32-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Louis IX (Saint Louis) The Seventh Crusade was not started by any Pope, but by King Louis IX of France, who became known later as Saint Louis because of his great devotion to the Christian God. The year after the Mamluks captured Jerusalem from the Europeans in 1244 AD, Louis announced his Crusade (in 1245). His mother, Blanche of Castile, thought [...]

3 08, 2017

Fifth Crusade – Medieval history

By |2019-06-08T10:16:51-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

The siege of Damietta: Fifth Crusade Europeans attack Jerusalem In 1216 AD, Pope Honorius III succeeded in getting some more Europeans to agree to try again to conquer Jerusalem from the Ayyubids. The Fourth Crusade Who were the Ayyubids? Islamic Empire articles All Medieval Europe articles Who led the Fifth Crusade? This time, the Pope would be in charge [...]

30 07, 2017

Medieval castles – Middle Ages

By |2019-03-01T09:53:34-07:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|0 Comments

Outer walls of Caen castle, Normandy, France (about 1050 AD) From Roman castra to medieval castles Rich Romans didn't live in castles. They lived in villas. But Roman soldiers lived in military forts called castra, and that is where we get the word castle. The Roman army Roman villas Medieval architecture All our medieval Europe articles After [...]

27 07, 2017

Maimonides – a Jewish doctor in medieval Cairo

By |2019-05-21T11:54:39-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|0 Comments

Saladin's castle in Cairo, where Maimonides worked Maimonides and health care In the 1100s AD, when Maimonides wrote his book about medicine, doctors didn't have very many medicines or medical treatments that worked. The Guide for the Perplexed Medieval Islamic medicine Most of the things they tried just made people even worse. Maimonides was smart enough to realize [...]

27 07, 2017

Medieval Islamic medicine

By |2019-08-22T09:31:55-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|0 Comments

Islamic medicine: From an Ottoman manuscript, two doctors telling the pharmacist how to make different medicines Writing medical encyclopedias Doctors made big scientific advances in medicine during the Islamic empire. The Islamic Empire was rich enough from Silk Road trade and trading on the Indian Ocean to pay a lot of doctors and scientists, [...]

27 07, 2017

Medieval Islamic science

By |2019-10-07T07:26:55-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam|0 Comments

Medieval Islamic science: Al Tusi's diagram of linear motion from circular motion Indian and African science In the Early Middle Ages, before the formation of the Islamic Empire, Buddhists ran the world's biggest universities. One was in India, at Nalanda. Another was in what is now Pakistan, at Taxila. Medieval Islamic science built on this Indian scientific tradition. [...]

27 07, 2017

Ibn al-Haytham – Medieval Islamic science

By |2019-09-15T21:13:57-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|0 Comments

Diagram of an eye, by Ibn al-Haytham (ca. 1000 AD) Who was ibn al-Haytham? Ibn al-Haytham was born about 965 AD in Basra, near the Persian Gulf (modern Iraq), and when he grew up he went to Cairo, in Egypt, to get an education. Cairo was at that time a rich university center under Fatimid rule. He [...]

27 07, 2017

Medieval Islamic astronomy

By |2018-04-23T10:04:24-07:00July 27th, 2017|History, Islam, Science|0 Comments

Islamic astronomers taking observations West Asian astronomers had been world leaders in astronomy for thousands of years before the Islamic conquests in the 600s AD. In the last centuries BC, West Asian astronomers had already figured out that the earth was a ball, and that the earth went around the sun, and how big the earth was, and that the moon went [...]