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Iran and British colonialism – the 1800s

By |2018-04-25T23:04:49+00:00September 11th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Fath-Ali Shah Qajar Muhammed Khan Qajar conquered a lot of land for Iran, and made Iran richer. But that didn't stop him from being killed in 1797, when he was 55 years old. He had ruled for only three years. Muhammed had no kids, but his young nephew Fath-Ali was already the governor of [...]

World War II – history of Europe

By |2017-08-06T08:29:19+00:00August 6th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Unemployed people in Germany (1930s) The Depression left everyone in Europe feeling angry and upset, because so many people were poor. People were especially upset in Germany, where they also were angry about losing World War I. Many German people looked for someone to blame for their problems. Some Germans blamed Jews, because they were outsiders, and [...]

World War I – history of Europe

By |2018-04-11T18:18:43+00:00August 6th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

A Russian machine gun At the end of the 1800s, many countries around the world were angry. France, Britain, and the United States were controlling most of the world. They took whatever they wanted to make themselves richer. Other people wanted to be richer too. In Central Asia, Russia tried to take over the Ottoman Empire and Afghanistan. But the British and French fought [...]

Hanoverian England – Walpole and Pitt

By |2018-05-17T12:47:43+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Hanoverian England: King George I of England Why did the Hanoverians come from Germany to rule England? Because Queen Anne had no children, and no Catholic could be king or queen, when Anne died in 1717 AD there was nobody in England to inherit the throne. (More about Queen Anne) So Anne's cousin George - James I's great-grandson [...]

Early Modern Spain – Philip II

By |2018-09-17T08:09:16+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Philip II of Spain Philip II of Spain As the great-grandson of Isabella, who had sent Columbus to America, Philip II ruled Spain in the mid-1500s AD. Philip also controlled huge Spanish territories in South and Central America, Mexico, Arizona, New Mexico, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado and Texas. Philip also ruled the Netherlands and Flanders (now part of Belgium), north of France. As [...]

Colonization and Empire – Europe

By |2018-04-08T21:33:36+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

British colonialist in a litter carried by local men Napoleon's empire in Europe ended a lot of the old powers. But when Napoleon lost power in 1815 AD, rich men just built new empires. Even though the Enlightenment and the French Revolution had tried to bring political equality to everyone, the 1800s were a time of tremendous inequality instead. [...]

English Bill of Rights – European government

By |2018-04-08T11:14:17+00:00August 4th, 2017|Government, Modern Europe|

Beginning of the Bill of Rights Ever since King John agreed to the Magna Carta in England in 1215 AD, people in England had agreed that the king or queen couldn't just do whatever they wanted. Even the king had to obey the law. By the late 1600s, though, when William and Mary were ruling England, the rich lords who [...]

Europe’s economy in the 1800s

By |2018-04-16T10:32:28+00:00August 4th, 2017|Economy, Modern Europe|

A British merchant ship in the Caribbean, in the 1860s By 1800 AD, France, Britain, and Spain were all getting rich. They used their strong armies and navies to take wood, food, and cotton from other countries without paying for them. France was taking things from West Africa and Haiti. Britain was taking stuff from India, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. [...]

European economy in the 1700s

By |2018-04-08T11:14:15+00:00August 4th, 2017|Economy, Modern Europe|

Kids in a spinning mill in England During the 1700s AD, the first modern factories opened. At first these were spinning factories to make thread for clothing, blankets, and sheets. Because most adults were busy working on farms, factory owners hired mostly children to work in the spinning factories. In Britain in 1788, two out of three [...]

Hundred Years’ War – Medieval Europe

By |2018-04-12T00:08:03+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

The place where the British burned Joan of Arc alive in Rouen When the last French king in the direct Capetian line died in 1328 AD, the English king Edward III, who already held a large part of France, claimed the right to rule all of France - to be the king of the united empire of France [...]