bison

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American economic history

By |2018-04-24T10:39:10-07:00August 10th, 2017|Economy, North America|

Women and men farming in south-eastern North America (1500s AD) Just as in India,China, or Europe, most of the people who lived in North America around 1500 AD were farmers. There were also some people who hunted and gathered their food, like the Cree people who gathered wild rice, or the Chinook people who fished for salmon. Traders kept on shipping metals, stone, shell and furs [...]

Early Shoshone history – Native Americans

By |2018-05-17T14:44:28-07:00August 9th, 2017|History, Native American|

Snake River, where the early Shoshone fished. Where did the Shoshone come from? The Shoshone people's ancestors were the Cochise culture. They lived in the southwest of North America about 8000 BC. With the end of the last Ice Age, the southwest got too dry to support everybody, and the culture split up. Related [...]

Paleo-Indians – the first Native Americans

By |2018-11-09T08:03:47-07:00August 9th, 2017|History, Native American|

Paleo-Indians probably travelled along the Pacific coast of North America First people in North America Archaeologists call the time just after people first came to North America , about 16,000 BC, the Paleo-Indian period. During the Paleo-Indian period, all the people in North America were nomads and got their food by hunting and gathering, and especially by fishing. Some of these [...]

Navajo history – Dine – Native Americans

By |2018-04-07T17:05:37-07:00August 9th, 2017|History, Native American|

A Navajo dog today After the ancestors of most Native Americans crossed the Bering Land Bridge, about 12,000 BC, they split up and settled in different parts of North America. The Navajo started out as part of the Athabascans or Dene. Like other Athabascans, they settled in west-central Canada (modern Alberta or Saskatchewan). Sometime around 1300 or [...]

Mississippian period – Native Americans

By |2019-09-15T07:00:04-07:00August 9th, 2017|Native American|

Cahokia mound in Illinois, where a Mississippian city was After 800 AD the Mississippian culture developed all along the Mississippi and the Missouri valleys, replacing the earlier Woodland culture. Now many people lived in towns. They built temples and palaces on top of big earth mounds. They had wooden fortification walls around their towns, with [...]

Early Mandan history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-07T17:05:36-07:00August 9th, 2017|History, Native American|

Shawnee state forest in Ohio - where the Mandan were living in 500 AD The Mandan were relatives of the Sioux people. Around 500 AD, they probably lived in the Midwest of North America, in what is now Ohio. Like their Sioux relatives, and like the Mississippians to their south, the Crow to their west and the Shawnee to their east, the Mandan [...]

Blackfoot history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-07T17:05:33-07:00August 8th, 2017|History, Native American|

Montana landscape with a moose calf wading People we call Athabascans or Dene lived in Blackfoot territory (modern Montana and Canada) in the Paleo-Indian period, by around 10,000 BC. They lived by hunting and gathering. They hunted mammoth, and gathered eggs and wild plants. By 6000 BC, in the Archaic period, the climate warmed up, so the big animals like mammoth became [...]

Apache history – Native Americans

By |2019-01-28T20:32:55-07:00August 8th, 2017|History, Native American|

West Texas Where did the Apache come from? Sometime around 1300 AD, some of the Athabascans, the ancestors of the Apache and Navajo people, left their homes in what is now western Canada and slowly travelled south to what is now Arizona, New Mexico, and western Texas. More about the Navajo Who were the Athabascans? All our [...]

Native American food – North America – pemmican and succotash

By |2019-09-13T06:44:09-07:00August 8th, 2017|Native American|

Native American food: Inuit carving of a sea lion Hunting and gathering wild food Early on, until about 2000 BC, people in North America ate only wild foods that they could hunt or gather. More about gathering Paleo-Indians in North America All our Native American articles Salmon, wapato, pine nuts and acorn flour These foods varied according to the environment where [...]

American geography and environment – Native Americans

By |2018-04-19T11:28:44-07:00August 8th, 2017|Environment, Native American, North America|

North American environment: The north Most of North America was (and is) just not very good for people to live in. That's why not that many people lived in North America before 1500 AD. In the north, it's too cold to support very many people. The winters are too long to grow crops, and there isn't [...]