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Ghost Dance – Native American religion

By |2017-08-14T14:33:35+00:00August 14th, 2017|History|

Wovoka, a Paiute man By the late 1800s AD, the United States and Canadian armies forced most of the people who had hunted bison on the Great Plains to move to reservations. The reservations were on terrible land. They were deserts with no water. And now that the bison had all been killed, people had no way to [...]

Sitting Bull and Wounded Knee – Sioux history

By |2018-05-21T17:09:53+00:00August 14th, 2017|History, Native American|

Sioux history - Red Elk Woman, a member of the Sioux When did the Sioux first meet Europeans? In the 1500s and 1600s AD, Sioux people were still living around the Great Lakes (modern Minnesota). That's where they were in 1667 when they first met French fur traders. (Read about the early Sioux) When did the [...]

The Shoshone fight the United States

By |2018-05-17T16:30:44+00:00August 14th, 2017|History, Native American|

Shoshone history: a Shoshone woman and baby The Shoshone get horses After the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 AD, some Shoshone people in Wyoming bought horses. These horse-riders split off from the other Shoshone and became the Comanche. At that point, Shoshone history becomes separate from Comanche history. (Read more about the Comanche) The rest of the Shoshone still [...]

United States Independence – American history

By |2018-04-19T11:29:06+00:00August 13th, 2017|History, Native American, North America|

Rock Art from Utah, about 1700 AD In the 1700s AD, most of North America was still under the control of native people. Because Pueblo people and the Navajo had taken Spanish invaders' horses and traded them north, they and the Sioux, Ute, Blackfoot, and other Plains Indians did very well. Hunting bison was much easier on horseback than it had been on foot. And [...]

The Crow get horses – American history

By |2018-04-08T11:21:54+00:00August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

Crow men In the 1600s AD, Crow people were still living in the Dakotas. But they caught smallpox and measles from their neighbors, the Mandan, and many Crow people died. So even though they had not yet met any Europeans, Crow people's lives were still very much changed by European settlers. Crow people met Europeans for the first time in [...]

Comanche history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-24T10:40:21+00:00August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

Comanche women (1800s) From Shoshone to Comanche Pueblo people captured Spanish horses in the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 AD, and they sold some of those horses to the Shoshone, in what is now Wyoming. The Shoshone who had horses split off from the other Shoshone. They called themselves the Nermernuh, but their Ute neighbors called them the Comanche. [...]

Cheyenne and cholera – American history

By |2018-04-24T10:40:36+00:00August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

Cheyenne with horses (Cheyenne painting on bison hide, 1800s) In 1680 AD, Cheyenne people were living around the sources of the Mississippi River (in modern Minnesota), when they sent representatives to meet with French fur traders at La Salle's fort and urge them to come to their country, where there were plenty of animals for fur trapping. [...]

Blackfoot get horses – American history

By |2018-04-08T11:21:53+00:00August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

Blackfoot man with horse Throughout the 1500s and 1600s AD, the Blackfoot continued to live in the same way they had lived before 1500. But the lives of Blackfoot people changed a lot in about 1730 AD, when they got horses from other North American tribes. Once they had horses, they could hunt bison and get their food more easily [...]

The Apache get horses – American history

By |2018-10-02T06:16:03+00:00August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

The Apache get horses: an Apache rock painting, ca. 1800 AD Who were the Apache? Like their Navajo cousins, the Apache people were Athabascan. They moved south into the south-west part of North America from their home in Canada about 1400 AD. So when the Spanish invaders came in the 1500s, the Apache hadn't been in the Southwest [...]

American environmental change

By |2018-04-08T11:21:52+00:00August 11th, 2017|Environment, North America|

Hunting Passenger Pigeons, about 1800 AD The story of the environment of North America after 1500 AD is one terrible change after another. Shortly after 1500 AD, most of the people living in North America seem to have died. They caught diseases from European people who had been trading with them. By 1700 AD almost nobody lived [...]