Ayyubids

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14 09, 2017

The Mediterranean and West Asia

By |2018-04-25T23:50:37-07:00September 14th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Map of West Asia One common theme in the history of West Asia has been the conflict between land-oriented people and sea-oriented people. Often there is a group of people living in West Asia who are mostly land-oriented. These people don't sail boats much, or swim. They think of their kingdom as covering a certain piece of [...]

23 08, 2017

Jews in the Islamic Empire

By |2019-10-17T05:07:11-07:00August 23rd, 2017|Religion, West Asia|0 Comments

Jews in the Islamic Empire: The synagogue where Maimonides worked in Cairo, Egypt (1100s AD) Did Jewish people help the Arab conquest? The Arabs first began to attack the Roman Empire in the 630s AD. At first, the Jews were quite enthusiastic about the idea of getting rid of their Christian persecutors. We don't really know whether the Jews [...]

4 08, 2017

Francis of Assisi – Medieval Europe

By |2018-10-02T06:59:07-07:00August 4th, 2017|Medieval, Religion|0 Comments

Francis of Assisi gives his father back his clothes (Giotto, in Assisi) Who was Francis of Assisi? By 1200 AD, the Catholic Church was very powerful. Bishops and popes were often rich men. They cared more about getting rich collecting tithes than they did about praying or helping poor people. What is a bishop? What is the pope? History of [...]

3 08, 2017

Sixth Crusade – Medieval History

By |2017-08-03T15:08:20-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor Soon after the failure of the Fifth Crusade, Frederick II, the Holy Roman Emperor, decided he would try his luck on Crusade, since he hadn't been allowed to go on the last one. Frederick marched on Acre, in Syria. Acre was under the control of the Islamic Mamluks. But not everyone [...]

3 08, 2017

Fourth Crusade – the sack of Constantinople

By |2019-06-12T06:55:27-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

The Pope calls for another crusade In 1200 AD, Pope Innocent began to ask the rulers of Europe to participate in a fourth crusade, again attempting to take Jerusalem away from the Ayyubids who ruled there. Saladin had died in 1193 AD, and some Europeans thought his successors were weaker and would be easier to beat. The kings and queens of Europe weren't interested, [...]

3 08, 2017

Fifth Crusade – Medieval history

By |2019-06-08T10:16:51-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

The siege of Damietta: Fifth Crusade Europeans attack Jerusalem In 1216 AD, Pope Honorius III succeeded in getting some more Europeans to agree to try again to conquer Jerusalem from the Ayyubids. The Fourth Crusade Who were the Ayyubids? Islamic Empire articles All Medieval Europe articles Who led the Fifth Crusade? This time, the Pope would be in charge [...]

3 08, 2017

Third Crusade – Medieval history

By |2018-04-11T09:09:27-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Saladin (Salah al-din) When the Mamluk general Imad-ed-din Zangi died, he was succeeded by his son Nureddin, who added Damascus to the land his father had gathered together. And after Nureddin died in 1174 AD, a strong Kurdish general named Salah al-din (called Saladin in the West) took over. Salah al-din soon conquered Egypt from the Fatimids, and then he was [...]

2 08, 2017

Eleanor of Aquitaine – Queen of France and England

By |2019-03-25T05:46:22-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Eleanor of Aquitaine (Cloisters Museum, New York City) Eleanor of Aquitaine was fifteen years old in 1137 AD, and not yet married, when her father, the Duke of Aquitaine, died suddenly. Eleanor had no brothers, so she inherited her father's duchy, which included most of southern France. France under the Capetians Feudalism in medieval [...]

1 08, 2017

Comneni Dynasty – Byzantine history

By |2019-04-21T11:45:07-07:00August 1st, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Alexios I Comneni, the Byzantine emperor (1081 AD) The Battle of Manzikert The Battle of Manzikert in 1071 was the end of Basil's Armenian Dynasty. The Byzantines had lost Armenia to Alp Arslan and the Seljuk Turks, and Alp Arslan took the Roman Emperor prisoner. Battle of Manzikert Who was Alp Arslan? All our medieval Europe articles [...]

27 07, 2017

Medieval Islamic science

By |2019-10-07T07:26:55-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam|0 Comments

Medieval Islamic science: Al Tusi's diagram of linear motion from circular motion Indian and African science In the Early Middle Ages, before the formation of the Islamic Empire, Buddhists ran the world's biggest universities. One was in India, at Nalanda. Another was in what is now Pakistan, at Taxila. Medieval Islamic science built on this Indian scientific tradition. [...]