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What is the Trinity? Christianity – Religion

By |2018-04-09T23:07:28+00:00August 23rd, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Father, Son, and Holy Ghost (Perugino, about 1482 in Rome) Christian people all believed that there was one God. But many people thought God existed in three forms: God the Father, Jesus the Son, and the Holy Ghost who moves between them. In Perugino's painting you can see John the Baptist baptizing Jesus while God looks down from Heaven. The [...]

Pope Gregory the Great – Early medieval Christianity

By |2018-04-13T11:21:23+00:00August 22nd, 2017|Medieval, Religion|

Pope Gregory the Great writing, carved near Strasbourg, about 875 AD. That's under Charlemagne's grandchildren. The Holy Spirit (in the form of a dove) sits on his shoulder and dictates to him. The elephant ivory is probably from Kenya. (Now in Vienna Kunsthistorisches Museum) Gregory was Pope in Rome beginning in 590 AD. That's just after [...]

Constantine becomes a Christian – History of religion

By |2018-04-24T15:50:42+00:00August 21st, 2017|Religion, Romans|

The Roman emperor Constantine becomes a Christian - the first Christian emperor In 312 AD, the Great Persecution was still going on in the Eastern part of the Roman Empire (though not really in the West). But then Constantine became a Roman Emperor. He had had a vision which made him convert to Christianity. Constantine becomes a Christian As [...]

Who were the Arians? Early medieval Christianity

By |2017-08-21T00:09:00+00:00August 21st, 2017|Religion, Romans|

The Roman emperor Constantine - the first Christian emperor When Constantine took over the Eastern half of the Roman Empire from Licinius and founded his new capital at Constantinople in 324 AD, he was upset to find out that there was a big fight going on between the Christians in West Asia. He had had about [...]

Gregory of Tours – Medieval historian

By |2017-08-03T22:21:27+00:00August 3rd, 2017|Literature, Medieval|

This reading desk belonged to a nun, St. Radegund, who was Gregory's friend. Do you see the chi-rho symbol near the top? Gregory of Tours was born about 538 AD - we don't know exactly when. His parents were both rich people, from rich families. When Gregory grew up, he became the Bishop of Tours, which was a city in the center [...]

Who were the Visigoths? Early Middle Ages

By |2018-04-09T10:31:12+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Gold coin minted by King Euric,with the name of the Roman Emperor on it The Visigoths established a kingdom for themselves within the collapsing Roman Empire in 418 AD. They took over most of south-western France (Aquitaine), a very fertile area where many Romans lived. The Visigoths at first acted more or less as representatives of the Roman government. They [...]

Theodoric and the Ostrogoths

By |2017-08-02T14:37:31+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Ostrogothic helmet By 476 AD, the Ostrogoths were still living north of the Black Sea, but the Roman Emperors no longer had any practical power in the West. In that year, the last Roman Emperor in the West, Romulus Augustulus, was deposed, and a Hun named Odoacer took charge of what was left of the Western Empire (mainly Italy). Odoacer sent [...]

The Lombards – Early Medieval Italy

By |2018-04-15T16:50:52+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Lombard Christian altar (700s AD) (University of Alabama) In 568 AD, a Turkic people, the Avars, pushed the Indo-European Lombards out of their home in Central Europe. This was the westernmost edge of a general tendency for Turkic people to take over more of Asia around this time. The Lombards moved south into northern Italy, and conquered it from [...]

Who was Ingundis? Visigothic Spain

By |2017-08-02T13:41:42+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Gold coin of King Leovigild By the late 500s AD, the Visigoths were the only people in Europe who hadn't converted from Arianism to Catholicism. They were beginning to feel a little old-fashioned. Then a strong, successful king of Spain, Leovigild, married his oldest son, Hermengild, to a Frankish princess, Ingundis. Ingundis was only ten or eleven years old [...]

Where did the Ostrogoths come from?

By |2017-06-27T02:22:03+00:00June 27th, 2017|History, Northern Europe|

Crimea, on the shores of the Black Sea The Ostrogoths, like the Visigoths, were originally Indo-European. We first hear of them when they are living in Poland around 100 BC. Soon after that, some of them, along with their relatives the Visigoths, seem to have decided to migrate to the south, very gradually [...]