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Chinook history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-19T15:03:14+00:00August 8th, 2017|History, Native American|

(University of Washington - cedar root basket) People have lived in the Pacific Northwest since the Paleo-Indian period, about 11,000 BC. They might even have arrived as early as 20,000 BC! Those first people were fishers. They may have been following the coastline, where the mussels and clams were. They also probably gathered lots of plants, berries, nuts [...]

Archaic North America – Native Americans

By |2018-08-28T12:58:01+00:00August 8th, 2017|History, Native American|

Archaic North America - the glaciers melted with the end of the Ice Age When did the Archaic period begin? After the Paleo-Indian period, beginning about 8000 BC, came the Archaic period. During the Early Archaic period, the Ice Age ended. The great glaciers that covered the northern part of North America gradually melted away. Hunters started [...]

Early Native American art

By |2018-04-07T17:05:25+00:00August 8th, 2017|Art, Native American|

A Woodland period pipe shaped like a dog (from modern Alabama) We don't really have any art from North America in the Paleo-Indian period, before about 8000 BC. Even from the Archaic period (down to about 1000 BC), there isn't anything specifically created as art. Beginning near the end of the Archaic period, though, and then [...]

Ancient Greek soldiers: the Greek hoplite phalanx

By |2018-05-04T23:13:29+00:00July 19th, 2017|Greeks, War|

Ancient Greek soldiers - Greek hoplites in a phalanx formation (Chigi Vase, ca. 650 BC) Before the hoplite phalanx In the Bronze Age, and in the early part of the Archaic period, Greek soldiers fought their battles the same way most other soldiers did in the Mediterranean and West Asia. They learned to [...]

Who was Homer? Greek epic literature

By |2018-04-23T09:02:17+00:00July 10th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Cup by Sophilos, showing a race from the Iliad (as the inscription says - Athens, ca. 570 BC) To the classical Greeks, Homer's epics played very much the same role that the Bible plays for a lot of people today. People memorized big chunks of Homer's writings in school, and they repeated bits [...]

Ancient Corinth – Mycenaean and Archaic

By |2017-07-06T22:57:53+00:00July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Corinth, with the high city - Akrocorinth - in the background Corinth was a town right where southern Greece and northern Greece come together. It was certainly a Mycenaean city, because Mycenaean pottery has been found in excavations at Corinth. In Greek mythology, Corinth (CORE-inth) was where Jason and Medea lived. During the [...]

Archaic Athens – ancient Greece

By |2018-05-15T08:46:08+00:00July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks|

Archaic Athens: The Acropolis of Athens Athens in the Late Bronze Age Athens was a city-state in the center of Greece. People moved there because it has a good seaport nearby (at Piraeus) and a steep hill that makes Athens easy to defend. Athens was already an important city in the Late Bronze [...]