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26 07, 2017

Religion of Islam

By |2019-09-30T05:35:33-07:00July 26th, 2017|Islam, Religion|0 Comments

Tomb of Ali, the first Imam and the fourth caliph, in Iraq (it was rebuilt about 1500 AD by the Safavids) Where did Islam come from? Medieval Islam was closely related to Judaism and Christianity. Like Jews and Christians, Muslims - people who followed Islam - believed that there was only one God. They called this [...]

29 06, 2017

Who was the Norse god Odin?

By |2017-06-29T02:30:16-07:00June 29th, 2017|Northern Europe, Religion|0 Comments

Viking stone, 600s AD, from Gotland, Sweden. Odin is riding his horse, Sleipnir. Sometime before 300 AD, people started to think of Odin (or Wotan) as the chief of the German gods, as Zeus was for the Greeks and Jupiter for the Romans. Odin replaced the earlier chief god, Tyr. Odin had two brothers, [...]

23 06, 2017

History of wine and grapes – West Asia

By |2018-04-20T00:21:41-07:00June 23rd, 2017|Food, West Asia|0 Comments

History of wine: White grapes on the vine Grapes grow abundantly and reliably in the West Asian climate, and taste good, and even gatherers ate wild grapes (which are smaller than domesticated grapes). But the best thing about grapes has always been that you can ferment them into wine. This has several advantages. [...]

20 06, 2017

Where do apples come from? – History of apples

By |2019-09-14T06:42:17-07:00June 20th, 2017|Central Asia|7 Comments

The history of apples starts in Central Asia Where do apples come from? Apple trees grew wild in Central Asia and western China beginning - as new DNA studies show - about ten to twenty million years ago, around the time that the first humans were evolving. Central Asian food All our Central [...]

2 06, 2017

What are hydrocarbons? Simple chemistry

By |2019-09-05T17:44:58-07:00June 2nd, 2017|Chemistry|0 Comments

A model of a methane molecule - the simplest of hydrocarbons A kind of molecule Hydrocarbons are molecules. They are made out of hydrogen atoms and carbon atoms. Methane is the simplest hydrocarbon molecule. It's just one carbon atom with four hydrogen atoms stuck to it. What is hydrogen? What is carbon? More [...]

31 05, 2017

Genghis Khan and the Mongols – Central Asia

By |2019-07-03T08:36:21-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History, Where|0 Comments

Genghis Khan Mongol and Turkic people take power By 1200 AD, the Mongol and Turkic people of Central Asia had pretty much finished pushing the Indo-Europeans out of power in Central Asia and West Asia, and had taken over ruling the whole area. Who were the Indo-Europeans? Central Asian history All our Central [...]

29 05, 2017

Yeast cells – Cell biology

By |2018-04-16T10:32:23-07:00May 29th, 2017|Biology|4 Comments

A yeast cell Yeast cells are a very common kind of eukaryote cell. They vary in size, but are usually about four thousandths of a millimeter (4 microns) in diameter, too small to see without a microscope. Yeast are one-celled creatures that eat starches and sugars. Enzymes inside the mitochondria in the yeast cells [...]