writing

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2 10, 2017

Where did alphabet letters come from?

By |2019-08-22T23:48:23-07:00October 2nd, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

The first alphabet letters: the Canaanite alphabet Early Canaanite alphabet Each of the letters of the early Canaanite alphabet was the first sound of the most ordinary words in their language. The letter was a picture of that word's meaning. Who invented the alphabet? Writing before the alphabet Mesopotamian cuneiform All our West Asia articles [...]

15 09, 2017

Epic of Gilgamesh – Mesopotamian writing

By |2019-09-04T08:13:45-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Epic of Gilgamesh: Gilgamesh and his friend Enkidu fight the monster Humbaba, on an Assyrian cylinder seal from the 600s BC The real king Gilgamesh The Epic of Gilgamesh is a story about a Sumerian king (Gilgamesh) who seems to have lived around 2500 BC, in Mesopotamia. Who were the Sumerians? And the Assyrians? West Asian literature [...]

15 09, 2017

Who was Enheduanna? Akkadian literature

By |2019-09-04T08:13:53-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Enheduanna wrote this poem - this is a later copy of it, in cuneiform on a clay tablet Was Enheduanna her name? Nobody knows Enheduanna's real name, if she had one. "Enheduanna" means "High Priestess, Ornament of the god An", but that's what people called her. Enheduanna's father was King Sargon of Akkad, and her [...]

14 09, 2017

History of the Alphabet – West Asia

By |2019-09-04T08:14:24-07:00September 14th, 2017|West Asia|3 Comments

Egyptian temple to Hathor at Serabit in the Sinai Early Writing Before about 1800 BC, all people in the world wrote using pictures that each stood for a word or a syllable. In Egypt, these were called hieroglyphs, and in West Asia, they were called cuneiform. Egyptian hieroglyphs Mesopotamian cuneiform Writing in China Maya hieroglyphs More [...]

10 09, 2017

Bronze Age timeline: 4000-2000 BC

By |2019-02-24T07:17:10-07:00September 10th, 2017|Central Asia, History|0 Comments

A Bronze Age clay pot with a drawing of a wheeled cart from what is now Poland, about 3500 BC Cities, kings and empires Around 4000 BC, there were enough people in West Asia, Egypt, China, and Peru for them to live in small cities (about 10,000-50,000 people). These places began to choose kings to govern them. Then they formed the [...]

9 09, 2017

Maya writing – Ancient Central America

By |2018-04-11T09:22:20-07:00September 9th, 2017|Central America, Literature|0 Comments

A page from the Madrid Codex It's possible that the Maya learned how to write from the Olmec, but there aren't any definite examples of early Olmec writing, so it might also have been the Maya who invented writing in the Americas. Like most other writing systems, Maya writing is a syllabary, not an [...]

9 09, 2017

Aztec language, writing, and literature

By |2019-02-07T06:49:29-07:00September 9th, 2017|Central America, Literature|0 Comments

An Aztec book, or codex (ca 1500 AD) Aztec writing and the Maya The Aztec system of writing was very much like the Maya system. Probably the Aztec people learned how to write from the Maya. Mayan writing Who were the Aztec? All our Central American articles What were Aztec books like? Aztec writers wrote their [...]

9 09, 2017

Who were the Zapotec? Central American history

By |2018-04-12T08:53:16-07:00September 9th, 2017|Central America, History|0 Comments

A Zapotec head The Zapotec civilization, like the Maya, grew up in the region that had been ruled by the Olmec, after the collapse of Olmec power about 500 BC. The main city of the Zapotec kings was Monte Alban (in modern Mexico). The Zapotec developed their own hieroglyphic writing system, possibly building on earlier Olmec [...]

9 09, 2017

Who were the Maya? Central American history

By |2018-04-12T08:53:13-07:00September 9th, 2017|Central America, History|0 Comments

Maya royal palace at Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico (600s-700s AD) When the Olmec rulers began to lose control of their country about 600 BC, new leaders came forward and took over ruling in Central America (modern Guatemala). These were the Maya. Archaeologists divide Maya history into four time periods, the Pre-Classic, the Classic, and the Post-Classic. The [...]

4 09, 2017

Roman schools – education in ancient Rome

By |2019-09-13T06:46:08-07:00September 4th, 2017|Romans|15 Comments

Roman education outside of school: A Roman teacher home-schooling, about 200 AD Poor kids had to work Roman schools were for rich boys; most Roman kids did not go to school. Like their parents, they worked in the fields hoeing and weeding and plowing as soon as they were old enough. More about Roman farming History of schools [...]