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Brigham Young – Mormon religion

By |2017-08-14T15:29:54+00:00August 14th, 2017|History|

Brigham Young in the 1840s After a mob killed Joseph Smith, the Mormons chose a new leader, Brigham Young (BRIG-am yung) and wisely left Illinois. In 1847, Brigham Young decided that the Mormons should move way out west to Utah, where the Ute and Paiute people lived. Utah was part of Mexico at this time. In the next year, though, [...]

Ghost Dance – Native American religion

By |2017-08-14T14:33:35+00:00August 14th, 2017|History|

Wovoka, a Paiute man By the late 1800s AD, the United States and Canadian armies forced most of the people who had hunted bison on the Great Plains to move to reservations. The reservations were on terrible land. They were deserts with no water. And now that the bison had all been killed, people had no way to [...]

Ute get horses – American history

By |2017-08-14T09:57:14+00:00August 14th, 2017|History|

Utes riding horses in the 1800s AD During the 1500s AD, the Utes had not yet seen any European invaders. They were still living in Utah and Colorado the way they had been living before. In the 1630s, a few Spanish explorers came to Ute territory and so people saw white men for the first [...]

Sitting Bull and Wounded Knee – Sioux history

By |2018-05-21T17:09:53+00:00August 14th, 2017|History, Native American|

Sioux history - Red Elk Woman, a member of the Sioux When did the Sioux first meet Europeans? In the 1500s and 1600s AD, Sioux people were still living around the Great Lakes (modern Minnesota). That's where they were in 1667 when they first met French fur traders. (Read about the early Sioux) When did the [...]

The Shoshone fight the United States

By |2018-05-17T16:30:44+00:00August 14th, 2017|History, Native American|

Shoshone history: a Shoshone woman and baby The Shoshone get horses After the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 AD, some Shoshone people in Wyoming bought horses. These horse-riders split off from the other Shoshone and became the Comanche. At that point, Shoshone history becomes separate from Comanche history. (Read more about the Comanche) The rest of the Shoshone still [...]

Nez Perce and smallpox – American history

By |2017-08-13T22:44:56+00:00August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

Nez Perce girls Because the Nez Perce lived pretty far from the Pacific Coast, they didn't meet European explorers until the 1700s AD, more than two hundred years later than the Iroquois and Cherokee, and even later than their Chinook and Shoshone neighbors. But their isolation did not protect the Nez Perce from catching European diseases: many died of smallpox that they caught from their [...]

The Crow get horses – American history

By |2018-04-08T11:21:54+00:00August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

Crow men In the 1600s AD, Crow people were still living in the Dakotas. But they caught smallpox and measles from their neighbors, the Mandan, and many Crow people died. So even though they had not yet met any Europeans, Crow people's lives were still very much changed by European settlers. Crow people met Europeans for the first time in [...]

Cheyenne and cholera – American history

By |2018-04-24T10:40:36+00:00August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

Cheyenne with horses (Cheyenne painting on bison hide, 1800s) In 1680 AD, Cheyenne people were living around the sources of the Mississippi River (in modern Minnesota), when they sent representatives to meet with French fur traders at La Salle's fort and urge them to come to their country, where there were plenty of animals for fur trapping. [...]

The Apache get horses – American history

By |2018-10-02T06:16:03+00:00August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

The Apache get horses: an Apache rock painting, ca. 1800 AD Who were the Apache? Like their Navajo cousins, the Apache people were Athabascan. They moved south into the south-west part of North America from their home in Canada about 1400 AD. So when the Spanish invaders came in the 1500s, the Apache hadn't been in the Southwest [...]