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Medieval African clothing – more and more cotton

By |2018-04-13T01:30:20-07:00October 2nd, 2017|Africa, Clothing|

Cotton cloth made in Gujarat, India andfound in Fustat (Cairo, Egypt) - ca. 800 AD(Now in Oxford, England) People first began to weave cotton in India, also around 2000 BC, but cotton weaving soon spread to Egypt, and all down the east side of Africa. By the 400s AD, the people of Meroe and Kush were growing and weaving cotton for their clothes. Before 800 AD, [...]

Shawnee and Tecumseh – American history

By |2018-04-08T21:33:38-07:00August 14th, 2017|History, Native American|

A Shawnee cooking pot (ca. 1500 AD) The Shawnee people probably first suffered from contact with European explorers and traders shortly after 1500 AD. That's when they caught measles from their Iroquois and Mississippian neighbors. Many Shawnee died. There were fewer Shawnee people than there had been before. Shawnee people kept on living in villages, but the villages seem to have [...]

Iroquois history: the Revolutionary War

By |2018-04-24T10:20:26-07:00August 13th, 2017|History|

Iroquois history: Trade beads made in Venice in the 1600s and traded in North America Iroquois trade for beads and knives When the first European traders came to the north Atlantic coast, about 1600 AD, the Iroquois were very interested in trading with them. People sold the Dutch traders lots and lots of beaver furs to make hats with, and [...]

The Crow get horses – American history

By |2019-04-29T16:30:04-07:00August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

Crow men: later Crow history Crow people get smallpox and measles In the 1600s AD, Crow people were still living in the Dakotas. But they caught smallpox and measles from their neighbors, the Mandan, and many Crow people died. What was smallpox? How do you get measles? Early Crow history All our American history articles So even though they had [...]

Chinook and malaria – American history

By |2017-08-12T17:47:19-07:00August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

A Chinook woman Because the Chinook lived so far north and west, they didn't have any contact with European invaders in the 1500s or 1600s AD. So we don't know much about what the Chinook were doing during these two centuries. But in 1792, the Chinook who lived along the Pacific coast met the American sea captain Robert [...]

Chinook clothing – What did Chinook people wear?

By |2019-04-11T05:03:41-07:00August 10th, 2017|History|

Chinook head-shaping board (1860) What did Chinook people make clothes out of? Around 1500 AD, Chinook people, both men and women, wore leather leggings and long leather shirts. Women's shirts were longer than men's, and their sleeves were wider. In warm weather, people often wore less clothing, and in winter they often wrapped furs around them to [...]

Cherokee economy – Native Americans

By |2018-04-07T17:05:26-07:00August 8th, 2017|Economy, Native American|

Cherokee fishing weir on the Little Tennessee River in Macon County. (Thanks to Ralph Preston) People who lived in the Cherokee nation got their meat from hunting and fishing, and from gathering shellfish, and their corn and beans and squash from farming. Usually men did the hunting and fishing. They built little rock walls in the water - fishing weirs - [...]

Venice in the Late Middle Ages

By |2018-04-24T09:08:58-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Bronze horses of St. Mark's, Venice In 1204 AD, Venice agreed to help European soldiers on the Fourth Crusade. They would use their great navy to get the Crusaders to Egypt. But in exchange, the Venetians got the Crusaders to fight for them against the Roman Emperors in Constantinople, even though that had nothing to do with the Crusade. The Crusaders ended up [...]

Venice – Early Medieval Italy

By |2018-04-16T10:32:29-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice, Italy (about 1100 AD) During the fall of the Roman Empire, in the 400s AD, people who lived along the north-east coast of Italy didn't feel safe. Central Asian people like the Huns and Germanic people like the Ostrogoths were invading over and over again. Some people abandoned their homes and moved to wetlands and [...]

Medieval African Economy

By |2018-04-10T00:08:51-07:00May 19th, 2017|Africa, Economy, History, Medieval|

Medieval African economy: A salt caravan across the Sahara Desert West African caravan trade The African economy had always involved international trade. But trade became even more important in the Middle Ages. Starting around 1000 AD, West African traders also sold gold. Traders with camels carried the gold across the Sahara from West Africa [...]