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3 10, 2017

Medieval African history – Timbuktu and Great Zimbabwe

By |2019-08-21T09:31:28-07:00October 3rd, 2017|Africa|1 Comment

Mansa Musa of Mali After the 400s AD, the Bantu expansion slowed down. They had already settled most of the good farmland in southern Africa. What was left was mainly desert or thick jungle. It was no good for farming or herding cattle. The Bantu left that land to the Khoikhoi and San people who already lived there. [...]

15 09, 2017

What is Nowruz? Zoroastrians – West Asian holidays

By |2019-09-04T05:59:52-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Persepolis may have been built in the 500s BC as a place to celebrate Nowruz. What is the holiday of Nowruz? Zoroastrianism became much more popular suddenly when the Persian kings became Zoroastrians around 550 BC. Soon after that, Zoroastrian worshippers began to celebrate the first day of spring as an important holiday. That was the first day [...]

8 09, 2017

Central and South American history – colonization

By |2018-04-29T10:45:08-07:00September 8th, 2017|Central America, History, South America|0 Comments

South American history: Aztec doctor treating people with smallpox (1500s AD, Codex Mendoza) The Inca, Brazil, and Chile In 1500 AD, the Inca Empire dominated the east coast of South America. Further north, the Aztec empire under Montezuma II controlled Mexico and what is now Guatemala. In the center of South America was the Amazon rain forest. Many people lived [...]

8 09, 2017

Caribbean history – South America

By |2019-04-08T07:42:32-07:00September 8th, 2017|History, South America|0 Comments

Arawak or Carib woman swimming with her kids - Caribbean islands ca. 1580 AD Who are the Carib people? Arawak people had conquered the Caribbean islands about 300 BC. Then about 1200 AD, Carib people started trying to conquer the Arawak. In the middle of this process, with some islands Carib and others still Arawak, the [...]

8 09, 2017

History of Brazil – Brazil and colonization

By |2019-02-22T06:00:17-07:00September 8th, 2017|History, South America, Where|0 Comments

History of Brazil: The Tapuia people, ca. 1650 (by Albert Eckhout) Tupi war with Tapuia In the late 1400s AD, the Tupi people had just won a big war with the Tapuia people. They had gotten control of the Atlantic coast of South America (modern Brazil). They forced most of the Tapuia people inland. So the [...]

6 09, 2017

Human organs: medieval science

By |2019-09-15T21:13:36-07:00September 6th, 2017|Biology, Science|0 Comments

Chinese drawing of the human organs (about 1200) Eyes and fevers Between the Middle Ages and modern times, doctors have learned a lot of new things about how human bodies work. Earlier history of the human body History of medicine History of science All our biology articles The Islamic doctor al-Tabari, in the early 800s, [...]

14 08, 2017

Thanksgiving – American holidays

By |2018-10-29T14:26:47-07:00August 14th, 2017|North America, Religion|0 Comments

History of Thanksgiving: A map of Wampanoag village at Plymouth Bay in 1613 AD,just before the Puritans arrived. See the growing crops around each house? Green Corn Ceremony Beginning about 100 AD, when they started farming their food, all throughout the middle and eastern parts of North America, people celebrated the Green Corn Ceremony every fall [...]

13 08, 2017

American history after colonization

By |2018-04-19T11:29:05-07:00August 13th, 2017|History, North America|0 Comments

Venetian trade bead from the 1400s AD Just about 1500 AD, many, many people in North America began to die from mysterious diseases like smallpox and measles that nobody in North America had ever seen before. Soon people saw that they were catching these diseases from European sailing men who had come to the Atlantic coast to trade knives and [...]

5 08, 2017

Early Modern Spain – Philip II

By |2019-04-04T12:37:14-07:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|0 Comments

Philip II of Spain Philip II of Spain As the great-grandson of Isabella, who had sent Columbus to America, and the son of Isabella of Portugal, Philip II ruled Spain starting in 1556 AD. Isabella and Ferdinand Isabella of Portugal All our modern Europe articles Philip also controlled huge Spanish territories in South and [...]

5 08, 2017

Early Modern France – Henry IV

By |2018-10-30T04:34:08-07:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|0 Comments

Henry IV of France Henry IV of France In 1589 AD, Catherine de Medici died in France, and her last son, Henry III, was killed a few months later. Henry III had no sons, and after a short civil war his 36 year old cousin, Henry IV, became the next king of France. Henry IV [...]