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Mercenaries and military history

By |2018-04-20T08:25:06+00:00September 20th, 2017|War|

Nubian archers in the Middle Kingdom (from the Nubian museum in Aswan, Egypt). About 2000 BC. Mercenaries (MURR-sinn-air-eez) are paid volunteer soldiers: they are soldiers who are fighting as a job, not in order to save their country or for the glory of God. They only fight if they are paid, or for the [...]

Diwali – the Festival of Lights – Hinduism – India

By |2017-07-21T08:36:06+00:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

Flowers and Diwali lamps Diwali is a Sanskrit word originally meaning "a row of lights" - "dipa" is the Sanskrit word for "light". Diwali is an Indian harvest festival celebrating the end of the hard work of harvesting food. People celebrate that now there is plenty of food to last through the winter. Hindus, Buddhists, and Jains all celebrated Diwali [...]

Sikhs – Indian religion

By |2018-04-23T15:01:11+00:00July 19th, 2017|India, Religion|

Guru Nanak Dev Just before 1500 AD, a man called Nanak who lived in India had a vision where he saw that there was no caste, there was no Hindu or Buddhist or Muslim, no religion sacrifices or rituals, no special foods, no holy books like the Quran or the Rig Veda, but that God wanted everyone to reach out to God for themselves. Everybody [...]

Religion in the Mughal Empire

By |2017-09-25T12:36:32+00:00July 19th, 2017|India, Religion|

Taj Mahal In the 1500s and 1600s AD, many Europeans and West Asians tried to force other people to believe in their religion and their God. In the Americas, the Spanish forced millions of Aztec, Maya, and Quechua people to become Christians. European wars erupted between Catholics and Protestants. In West Asia, the [...]

Partition and Religion in India

By |2017-07-19T11:14:54+00:00July 19th, 2017|India, Religion|

Gandhi as a Hindu After the collapse of the Mughal Empire about 1700 AD, the power of Hinduism increased as the Maratha Empire took over most of India. But British colonizers gradually took over more and more of India: first the north, then the south. Wherever the British went, Christian missionaries went too. They tried to get Indian people to [...]

After the Mughals – history of India

By |2017-07-19T11:05:42+00:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

Nader Shah The decline of the Mughal empire in the early 1700s resulted in India splitting up into a lot of smaller countries. In the north, Afghanistan tried to set itself up as an independent country. But then Nader Shah of Iran conquered all the way to Delhi in 1738 and, although he retreated from there, he took over [...]

The end of the Mughal Empire in India

By |2018-04-23T14:32:03+00:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

Taj Mahal, the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal When the Mughal emperor Jahangir died in 1627, his third son, Shah Jahan, became the new emperor. He immediately imprisoned his stepmother Nur Jahan so he could rule himself. Shah Jahan married Nur Jahan's niece, Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal were very close. She had fourteen children, but [...]

Modern India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh

By |2017-07-19T10:21:36+00:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

Jawaharlal Nehru Jawaharlal Nehru, the son of a powerful Congress leader, became the first Prime Minister of the newly independent country of India. Liaquat Ali Khan was the first Prime Minister of Pakistan. A large mountainous border area between India, China, Afghanistan, and Pakistan - Kashmir, and all of north-western Pakistan - remained disputed. For the most part, [...]

Gandhi and India’s independence

By |2017-07-19T08:03:21+00:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

Indian National Congress (1885) By the 1880s, India was becoming a very poor country. But Britain got richer and richer by taking all of India's wealth (as the British were also doing in Iran, and many other countries). In 1885, Indian resisters organized the Indian National Congress. The Congress tried to get more Indian men into power [...]

Sher Ali Khan and Afghanistan – Central Asian History

By |2017-05-30T16:53:58+00:00May 30th, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Dost Mohammed Khan In 1834 AD Dost Mohammed Kahn pushed aside Ahmed Shah Durrani's grandson to become the ruler of Afghanistan. He found himself caught ruling a small, poor country between two great powers: Russia under Czar Nicholas in the north and Britain, which was pushing north from India in the south. Dost [...]