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Life in ancient Africa – gender and class history

By |2018-04-13T01:37:34+00:00October 2nd, 2017|Africa, People|

African daily life: Mary and Jesus, from Ethiopia (ca. 1500 AD) (Now in the J. Paul Getty Museum) Inequality in African society Ancient African society didn't have the huge differences between rich and poor people that plagued Europe and Asia. North Africa, being part of the Mediterranean community, was an exception. But south of the Sahara [...]

West Asian mathematics – history of math

By |2018-05-10T10:12:08+00:00September 16th, 2017|Science, West Asia|

History of math: Sumerian multiplication table (2700 BC) Cuneiform multiplication table Once people in West Asia figured out how to write down numbers, about 3500 BC, they quickly began to want to use cuneiform to write down other mathematical ideas. (Read more about the invention of numbers) The earliest example of this that we have is from about 2700 BC. It [...]

Girls and young women in West Asia

By |2018-04-25T23:58:00+00:00September 15th, 2017|People, West Asia|

An enslaved woman stands behind a free Elamite woman who is spinning (600s BC) In West Asia, even more than in most other state societies all over the world, men did not allow women to do all the things that men did. People valued women less than men. In Hammurabi's Code, from 1700 BC, there's a lower penalty [...]

Roman schools – education in ancient Rome

By |2018-05-22T15:26:22+00:00September 4th, 2017|People, Romans|

Roman education outside of school: A Roman teacher home-schooling, about 200 AD Poor kids had to work Roman schools were for rich boys; most Roman kids did not go to school. Like their parents, they worked in the fields hoeing and weeding and plowing as soon as they were old enough. (More about Roman farming) Their parents needed [...]

Roman women: Women in ancient Rome – gender and power

By |2018-05-16T23:44:59+00:00September 4th, 2017|People, Romans|

Roman women: an old woman, about 50 AD. The sculptor has made her look silly on purpose to make fun of old women Were women oppressed in ancient Rome? Roman women lived under many restrictions that did not apply to Roman men. Roman women knew that men were treating them unfairly, and they [...]

Ancient Roman people – who lived in the Roman Empire?

By |2018-04-25T10:24:36+00:00September 4th, 2017|People, Romans|

A barmaid brings a drink to two men sitting on chairs. The words show the men arguing about whose drink it is. (Caupona of Salvius, Pompeii, 79 AD) The Roman Empire was so big that there were a lot of different people with different cultures living in it. So you can't really say there was one [...]

Roman high schools – education in ancient Rome

By |2017-09-04T08:56:00+00:00September 4th, 2017|People, Romans|

A fragment of Homer's Iliad on papyrus Only the richest and smartest Roman boys went on from elementary school to high school. Girls generally couldn't go to high school, but sometimes they could be homeschooled. Most towns didn't have a high school, so in order to go to high school you had to leave home [...]

Roman basilicas – Architecture in ancient Rome

By |2018-04-24T23:28:35+00:00August 25th, 2017|Architecture, Government, Romans|

Basilica Aemilia, Rome When the Romans had any activity they wanted to do in groups, but inside, out of the weather, they generally met in a basilica (ba-SILL-uh-ka). A basilica is a long hall with two or more rows of columns running down the long way to help hold the roof up, like [...]