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The Roman Republic – Ancient Rome

By |2018-04-28T14:05:02+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

Doric temple at Paestum, Italy Conquering southern Italy Once they had established their Republic,  the Romans began to conquer southern Italy. They used another good idea to help them. Offering to help cities Like Alexander the Great about the same time, Romans told everybody that if any city needed help fighting a war, the Romans would be happy [...]

History of Rome – ancient Rome

By |2018-04-25T09:54:54+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

Villanovan cremation urn with helmet on top (ca. 900 BC) Italy's history in antiquity mostly followed the changes that were happening in West Asia a little earlier. The first modern people arrived in Italy from West Asia about 10,000 BC. About 5000 BC a second group of West Asian travellers brought farming and farm animals to Italy - Central Asian cows, West Asian sheep, [...]

Early Roman republic – ancient Rome

By |2018-04-25T09:56:08+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

Bust of a man (Rome, ca. 300 BC) Around 500 BC, just as democracy was getting started in Athens, the Roman aristocrats (the rich people) decided they didn't want to be ruled by Etruscan kings anymore. The kings were doing okay for the poor people, but the rich people wanted more power for themselves. But the rich people couldn't [...]

Rome – the late Republic – Ancient Rome

By |2018-04-25T09:12:35+00:00September 2nd, 2017|History, Romans|

Roman Republic By 146 BC, after the Third Punic War, the Romans were the only important power left in the Mediterranean Sea, and they controlled almost all of its coastline. But there was trouble at home. First, two brothers named Tiberius Gracchus and Gaius Gracchus tried to get some of the Italian land given back to the poor [...]

Niccolo Machiavelli – The Prince – Florence

By |2018-04-08T11:14:28+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Niccolo Machiavelli Around 1500 AD, Machiavelli was working for the government in the city-state of Florence. Florence was smack in the middle of the Renaissance, which meant that everybody in Florence was thinking and talking about how cool ancient Rome was. After the Medicis tortured him and pushed him out of power in 1513, Machiavelli began writing books [...]

Cromwell and Early Modern Britain

By |2018-10-29T20:39:48+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

James I of England James I of England When Queen Elizabeth died in 1603 AD, she left England in very good shape. Because Elizabeth had no children, she left power to her nephew James I, the son of her sister Queen Mary. More about Queen Elizabeth European history articles James I was 37 years old. He [...]

Late medieval Florence – the Medici

By |2018-04-10T22:50:25+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Lorenzo de' Medici In the early 1400s AD, a few rich families ruled the city-state of Florence in northern Italy. With the Holy Roman Empire very weak, these families ran Florence as an independent country. But most people in Florence had lost the political power they used to have, and they were angry about it. The Medici family, who owned a successful bank, [...]

Venice – Early Medieval Italy

By |2018-04-16T10:32:29+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice, Italy (about 1100 AD) During the fall of the Roman Empire, in the 400s AD, people who lived along the north-east coast of Italy didn't feel safe. Central Asian people like the Huns and Germanic people like the Ostrogoths were invading over and over again. Some people abandoned their homes and moved to wetlands and [...]

Republic of Genoa – Medieval Italy

By |2018-05-07T12:11:06+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Medieval drawing of the city of Genoa, Italy (1493) Genoa in the Early Middle Ages Around 900 AD, the Holy Roman Empire began to lose control of Italy, and Genoa was among the Italian cities that got their independence about this time. Genoa became one of the first medieval cities where citizens won some political rights. Genoa's [...]

Republic of Florence – Medieval Italy

By |2018-04-24T09:23:14+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Romanesque baptistery in Florence, Italy When the last of the Carolingian Holy Roman Emperors died in 924 AD, northern Italy - including Florence and nearby Genoa - fell under the power of the Counts of Canossa: first Boniface III, then his daughter Matilda. Florence did very well under their rule: in 1059, Florence was able to rebuild its Christian baptistery in a beautiful Romanesque style. [...]