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The god Varuna – Hinduism – India

By |2017-07-21T13:25:30+00:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

Monsoon rain (Goa) Around 1000 BC, in the Vedic period in India, Varuna was an important Hindu god. Varuna was originally a sky god - his name means "the one who covers everything." Often people think of Varuna as a rain god. He represented order in the universe (against the forces of chaos). Some parts of Varuna's identity, at [...]

Who is Poseidon? Greek gods

By |2018-09-17T09:02:48+00:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Religion|

The god Poseidon rules the ocean Ocean god Poseidon The Greeks thought of the god Poseidon as a god of violent, unpredictable movement. He is most often the god of the ocean, which is of course the biggest, most unpredictable, and most dangerous thing around. Many Greeks spent a lot of time sailing on the ocean, and they paid [...]

Pelops’ chariot race – Greek mythology

By |2018-04-23T08:13:20+00:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Poseidon in love with Pelops (Athens, 400s BC) Pelops was the son of Tantalus, and so he was Zeus' grandson. When Pelops was still young, Tantalus murdered Pelops and served him to the gods as a stew. Luckily for Pelops, the gods figured this out before they ate him, except for Demeter ate a piece of Pelops' shoulder. After [...]

Phaedra’s suicide – Euripides’ Phaedra

By |2018-06-19T15:58:18+00:00July 11th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

After Phaedra's suicide, Hippolytus drives his chariot away (On a red-figure vase from Southern Italy, ca. 350 BC) Phaedra - the second half of the play So the clueless chorus is singing about the need for love and balance in people's lives. (What's the beginning of Phaedra's story?) Phaedra's suicide But suddenly Phaedra's [...]

Severe style sculpture in ancient Greece

By |2017-07-05T05:08:38+00:00July 5th, 2017|Art, Greeks|

Kritias Boy (ca. 480 BC) About the time of the Battle of Marathon, in 490 BC, Greek sculptors started to work in a new style, called the Severe style. This quickly replaced the old Archaic style. Zeus or Poseidon throwing a spear (460 BC) In the Severe style, sculptors began to [...]