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Jews in Medieval Europe – History

By |2018-04-18T23:33:48+00:00August 24th, 2017|History, Medieval, Religion|

Jewish money-lenders in medieval France The Middle Ages in Europe were a difficult time for the Jews. Many Jews lived in Western Europe between about 1000 and 1500 AD, but all the rulers were Christians, and almost all the people who had any power were Christians. These Christians thought Jews were different and strange. They suspected Jews of [...]

Medieval Hanukkah – Jewish holidays

By |2017-08-24T11:55:10+00:00August 24th, 2017|Medieval, Religion|

Arch of Titus: Roman soldiers carry off the big menorah from the Second Temple in Jerusalem (70 AD, but the arch was built in the 80s AD) In 70 AD, after the First Jewish Revolt, the Roman emperor Titus destroyed the Second Temple. Titus plundered the menorah along with other treasures from the Temple. He brought it back to [...]

Jesuits after 1700 – History of religion

By |2018-04-08T21:33:36+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Religion|

Jesuit teachers in Brazil By the 1700s AD, the Jesuits owned a lot of farms and mines in countries all over the world. The governments of these countries started to worry that the Jesuits were too powerful. Also, the governments wanted to get their hands on all the money the Jesuits were making. The Enlightenment was making a [...]

Germany in the 1800s – Bismarck

By |2017-08-05T16:25:11+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Map of Europe after the Congress of Vienna (thanks to Wikipedia) An alliance of European armies finally defeated Napoleon in 1814. Then all the European countries held meetings known as the Congress of Vienna. They wanted to figure out the best way to stop anyone from conquering them again. They were trying to keep peace all [...]

Late medieval Poland – History

By |2018-09-18T09:01:48+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

The treaty that Queen Jadwiga and Duke Jogaila signed in 1385 AD Little Queen Jadwiga Queen Jadwiga was only ten years old in 1384. But her mother Elizabeth sent her north from Hungary to become the Queen of Poland. Elizabeth stayed behind to rule Hungary. She was regent for Jadwiga's older sister. More about Elizabeth of Hungary [...]

Late medieval Hungary

By |2018-09-18T06:32:33+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Late medieval Hungary: Mongols kill Hungarians at the Battle of Mohi (1241 AD) The Mongols invade Hungary Hungary fell on hard times in 1241 AD, when the Mongols invaded Eastern Europe from Central Asia. The Mongols brought with them a new invention -  gunpowder from China. Earlier history of Hungary Who were the Mongols? Who invented gunpowder? Many Jewish [...]

Holy Roman Empire – Late Middle Ages

By |2017-08-03T12:01:04+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II was only two years old when his father died in 1197 AD. So there were several civil wars over who held power while he grew up. Once he did grow up, Frederick II ruled both Germany and Italy for a long time. Like his father and grandfather, he was [...]

Medieval Hungary – Magyars

By |2018-09-18T05:39:16+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Medieval Hungary: Stephen, the first Christian King of Hungary ca. 1000 AD The Magyars invade Hungary When the invading Magyars conquered land in Eastern Europe from the Slavs about 900 AD, and started the country of Hungary, they didn't stop there. Wait, who were the Slavs? The Magyars fight their way across Europe The Magyars immediately started [...]