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Holy Roman Empire – Medieval Germany

By |2018-04-21T13:20:47-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Empress Agnes holding Henry IV After the death of Henry III in 1056 AD, his widow Agnes ran the Holy Roman Empire. With the help of the king of Poland, the Popes now felt stronger. They tried to break away from the control of the Holy Roman Emperors. The Popes insisted that priests and bishops served only the Pope. The Empress could [...]

The Slavs – Early Slavic History – Where did the Slavs come from?

By |2019-04-23T06:57:18-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Early Slavic history: Where did the Slavs come from? A Slavic furnace from Novae, in Bulgaria (300s AD) - maybe a pottery kiln? The Slavs were Indo-Europeans The Slavs, who spoke a branch of Indo-European, first moved to Europe from West Asia around 2000 BC, about the same time as the Greeks moved to Greece. Many Slavs settled in [...]

Otto the Great and the Holy Roman Empire

By |2018-05-07T11:20:05-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Holy Roman Empire: Otto the Great (on a seal) What happened after Charlemagne? After the death of Charlemagne, the Holy Roman Emperors got weaker and weaker. By 924 AD, a hundred years later, nobody even held the title officially. But in 962 AD a German king named Otto got the Pope to name him Holy Roman Emperor anyway, and that started the Holy [...]

Where did the Ostrogoths come from?

By |2017-06-27T02:22:03-07:00June 27th, 2017|History, Northern Europe|

Crimea, on the shores of the Black Sea The Ostrogoths, like the Visigoths, were originally Indo-European. We first hear of them when they are living in Poland around 100 BC. Soon after that, some of them, along with their relatives the Visigoths, seem to have decided to migrate to the south, very gradually [...]

History of Cheese – Central Asia

By |2019-03-21T05:55:42-07:00June 12th, 2017|Central Asia, Food|

History of cheese: There are lots of different kinds of cheese. How to preserve milk? If you don't have a refrigerator, there's no way to keep milk from going bad within a few hours. Even WITH a refrigerator milk goes bad in about a week. But ancient cows and sheep and goats only [...]

Genghis Khan and the Mongols – Central Asia

By |2017-10-14T14:49:20-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History, Where|

Genghis Khan By 1200 AD, the Mongol and Turkic people of Central Asia had pretty much finished pushing the Indo-Europeans out of power in Central Asia and West Asia, and had taken over ruling the whole area. About 1180 AD the Mongols elected a new king, Genghis Khan (Khan means king), who was [...]

Khans and Czars in Central Asia – Government

By |2017-05-31T11:36:32-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, Government|

Scythian comb,about 400 BC (Metropolitan Museum, New York) Most early Central Asian people were Indo-European, or Yamnaya. The biggest group may have been the Scythians. Until about 500 BC, the Scythians lived in large tribes or clans ruled by chiefs. Like the Egyptians and the West Asians, the Scythians buried their chiefs under big mounds [...]