philosophy

Home » philosophy

Plotinus and the Neoplatonists – Roman philosophy

By | 2017-09-04T11:34:58+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Philosophy, Romans|

Bust of Plotinus (Ostia, ca. 250 AD) Around the time of Jesus, philosophers (and regular people) in West Asia and the Roman Empire started to think a lot about what happened to you after you died. The afterlife was very important to the Christians and the Gnostics. But a little later on, Roman philosophers developed a new idea. They suggested that when [...]

Lucretius – On the Nature of Things – Epicureanism

By | 2017-09-04T11:29:36+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Philosophy, Romans, Science|

A medieval manuscript copy of Lucretius' De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things) Lucretius was born about 99 BC, in the later Roman Republic. Nobody knows anything about Lucretius' life. But he must have been an educated Roman from a very rich family. Otherwise, he wouldn't have been able to do the work he did. At some [...]

Roman philosophy – ancient Rome

By | 2017-09-04T10:49:06+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Philosophy, Romans|

Roman making a speech (Florence, about 50 BC) Thanks to VROMA for the image Roman men didn't begin studying philosophy until about 200 BC. At that time, the Romans were conquering Greece. So a lot of Roman soldiers and generals spent a lot of time in Greece, and got a chance to talk to Greek philosophers. The Romans found out [...]

Cicero – Stoicism – Roman philosophy

By | 2017-09-04T10:33:20+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Philosophy, Romans|

Bust of Cicero (Capitoline Museum, Rome) In the last years of the Roman Republic, great men like Julius Caesar and Pompey fought over which of them would rule Rome. Cicero was one of the last men to stand up for the old Republic. He tried to keep the republican government going. While you might think [...]

Roman high schools – education in ancient Rome

By | 2017-09-04T08:56:00+00:00 September 4th, 2017|People, Romans|

A fragment of Homer's Iliad on papyrus Only the richest and smartest Roman boys went on from elementary school to high school. Girls generally couldn't go to high school, but sometimes they could be homeschooled. Most towns didn't have a high school, so in order to go to high school you had to leave home [...]

Seneca – Roman philosophy – ancient Rome

By | 2017-09-04T01:17:29+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Literature, Romans|

Seneca, the Roman philosopher Lucius Annaeus Seneca was one of the great writers of the Julio-Claudianperiod in Rome. He was born in the Roman province of Spain about 3 BC. But his aunt took him to Rome during the reign of the emperor Claudius, so Seneca could get a good education. Seneca's father was a well-known [...]

Latin Literature – the writers of ancient Rome

By | 2017-09-03T22:39:51+00:00 September 3rd, 2017|Literature, Romans|

A Roman papyrus scroll from a library of Epicurean philosophy (Herculaneum, Italy) The Roman Empire lasted for more than a thousand years, so there was plenty of time to produce a lot of writing. Latin, an Indo-European language, was written in an alphabet derived from the Greek alphabet, with some letters changed: the Latin or Roman alphabet is [...]

Stoics – Greek and Roman philosophy

By | 2017-08-16T15:25:13+00:00 August 16th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

Cicero, a Roman philosopher The Stoics were a group of philosophers who first began teaching their ideas in the Hellenistic period. Stoicism was founded by a man named Zeno, who lived from 335-263 BC. He was friendly with the successors of Alexander who ruled Greece. Zeno lived in Athens, which was a great center of learning. He used to [...]

Skeptics – Greek philosophy

By | 2017-08-16T15:21:08+00:00 August 16th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

This is supposed to be a bust of Pyrrhon, the founder of Skeptic philosophy We don't know as much as we might like to about the activities of Plato's Academy after the death of Aristotle. But between about 300 and 100 BC- almost up to the birth of Jesus - the Academy became known as the center of [...]

Ancient philosophy: ethics, fate, and science

By | 2017-08-16T15:14:40+00:00 August 16th, 2017|Philosophy|

Weighing the souls of the dead Philosophy means the love of wisdom. But what does that mean? It's hard to separate philosophy from religion. And it's also hard to draw a line between philosophy and science and mathematics. All of these are parts of people's search to make order out of nature. They're a way of [...]