Paleolithic

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Stone Age Italy – the history of Italy

By |2018-09-04T07:43:05-08:00September 3rd, 2017|History|

Stone Age rock art from Val Camonica, in northern Italy. Neanderthals in Italy By around 200,000 years ago, there were a few early humans living in Italy. We know about them from their flint axes, and from one of their villages that has been excavated west of Rome at Torrimpietra. These were not modern humans, though, but [...]

Where do Easter eggs come from? History of religion

By |2018-04-09T23:07:27-08:00August 21st, 2017|Religion|

Ostrich eggshell from Diepkloof Rock Shelter, South Africa (60,000 BC) Easter eggs go back long before Easter, and even long before the beginning of farming. As long ago as the Paleolithic, about 60,000 BC, people in Africa were scratching patterns and lines on ostrich eggs, though nobody knows what they had in mind. By the later Stone Age, [...]

Atlatls or spear-throwers

By |2019-02-05T05:42:12-08:00August 8th, 2017|Economy, Native American|

Atlatl history: this is an ancient atlatl What is an atlatl? An atlatl, or spear-thrower, is a wooden or bone stick with a hook on one end that you can use to throw a spear farther than you could throw it without using an atlatl. Flint spear-points Paleo-Indians All our Native American articles [...]

Paleolithic Greece – the first people

By |2017-07-09T00:17:43-08:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Outside Franchthi Cave The first people came to Greece not long after leaving Africa, about 55,000 BC. They probably came along the coast of the Eastern Mediterranean, through what is now Israel and Lebanon. They almost certainly knew how to paddle small boats along the coast. When they got to Greece, these people [...]

Tertiary period – mammals and mountains

By |2018-08-22T05:19:59-08:00June 25th, 2017|Biology, Geology|

Tertiary period: Large animals evolved like moose Dinosaurs become extinct The Tertiary period begins with the catastrophe that killed off the dinosaurs at the end of the Cretaceous Period, about 65 million years ago. And the Tertiary lasts down to 1.8 million years ago. Mammals become more common With nearly all of the dinosaurs [...]