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History of the hajj – Islamic religion

By |2017-07-26T23:17:45+00:00July 26th, 2017|Islam, Religion|

Mohammed praying at the Ka'aba(in an Ottoman book from 1388 AD) From the very beginnings of Islam, in the 600s AD, Muslims believed that Allah wanted them to go to Mecca to pray at the Kaaba at least once in their lifetime. They called this trip the hajj. Most people were too poor to afford such a long and [...]

Delhi Sultanate mosques – Indian architecture

By |2017-07-19T16:34:55+00:00July 19th, 2017|Architecture, India|

Quwat ul-Islam, Delhi, 1196 AD Beginning about 1100 AD, invaders from the Abbasid Empire conquered most of northern India. These invaders were Muslims, and they needed mosques to pray in. So they got Indian builders to build them a lot of new mosques - big ones, to show how powerful and rich the new conquerors were. They built the earliest [...]

Government in Ancient China – Emperors

By |2018-12-13T17:59:14+00:00June 6th, 2017|China, Government|

Chinese government: Empress Wu of the T'ang Dynasty The first emperors of China During the Stone Age, people in China lived in small villages and had big men in charge, and then chieftains. But by the time of the Shang Dynasty, about 1800 BC, China was united into an empire. What is an [...]

Ibn Khaldun

By |2018-04-12T00:03:29+00:00May 19th, 2017|Africa, Economy, Literature|

Palace of the Hafsids in Tunis (now the Bardo Museum) - where the economist Ibn Khaldun spent time Ibn Khaldun's childhood The economist Ibn Khaldun was born in Tunis, in North Africa, in 1332 AD, not long after the birth of Ibn Battuta. Like Ibn Battuta, Ibn Khaldun was from a rich Muslim [...]

Ibn Battuta

By |2018-04-11T23:50:08+00:00May 19th, 2017|Africa, History, Literature|

The travels of Ibn Battuta Ibn Battuta was born in Morocco, in North Africa, in 1304 AD. He was from a rich Muslim family, and he went to the best schools in his hometown of Tangier. When Ibn Battuta was twenty years old, in 1325, he went on hajj to Mecca, as many rich young [...]