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The Mediterranean and West Asia

By |2018-04-25T23:50:37+00:00September 14th, 2017|West Asia|

Map of West Asia One common theme in the history of West Asia has been the conflict between land-oriented people and sea-oriented people. Often there is a group of people living in West Asia who are mostly land-oriented. These people don't sail boats much, or swim. They think of their kingdom as covering a certain piece of [...]

Roman food – rich and poor

By |2018-04-25T09:05:47+00:00September 1st, 2017|Food, Romans|

Roti bread made with millet Romans ate a lot of fish Although the first people who came to the Mediterranean were probably following along the coast, and ate mainly fish, shellfish, seaweed, and wild figs, by the time the Roman Republic got started, there were far too many people in the Mediterranean to be able to live entirely from [...]

Mediterranean Food in the Roman Empire

By |2018-04-19T22:46:14+00:00September 1st, 2017|Food, Romans|

Woman baking bread Poor people who lived near the Mediterranean Sea had to eat food that would grow in very dry areas, with light and not very fertile soil. Mostly they ate what archaeologists call the "Mediterranean triad" or three things: wheat and barley (made into beer or porridge or flatbread or soup), olive oil (soaked into the bread, or on vegetables), [...]

Medieval math in Europe

By |2017-08-04T13:22:07+00:00August 4th, 2017|Math, Medieval|

Math was a very exciting subject to be working on during the Middle Ages in Europe. Little by little, math experts in Europe were learning from Islamic math experts about what we call Arabic numbers (0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9) (though the numbers came originally from India). Leaning Tower of Pisa (built while Fibonacci was a child) The first of these experts was Adelard [...]

High Middle Ages – European history

By |2018-04-12T00:08:13+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Devils torture the damned in Hell (Abbey of Moissac, about 1050 AD) The Seljuks destabilize Europe's neighbors In 1071 AD, the Byzantine Empire lost most of Anatolia (modern Turkey) to the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Manzikert. About the same time, the Abbasids lost control of pieces of the Islamic Empire as well. The Seljuks took over the East, and [...]

History of Christianity

By |2018-04-09T23:21:28+00:00May 18th, 2017|History, Religion, West Asia|

History of Christianity: One of the earliest images of Jesus, from St. Callisto catacomb in Rome (ca. 250 AD) Empires and Christianity Around the time of the beginning of the Roman Empire, a new religion began among the Jews living in Israel: Christianity. People seem to have felt that these new governments - [...]