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Eid al-Adha – Islamic holidays

By |2018-05-15T13:29:40+00:00September 1st, 2017|Islam, Religion, West Asia|

Eid al-Adha: an Islamic image of Abraham and Ishmael What is Eid al-Adha? Eid al-Adha is an Islamic holiday. It falls a few months after the end of Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr. These two celebrations are the two most important holidays of the year for Islam, and of the two, Eid al-Adha is the [...]

What is a pilgrimage? Middle Ages

By |2018-09-17T11:28:41+00:00August 4th, 2017|Medieval, Religion|

The first view of the pilgrimage: Chartres on the horizon Who went on pilgrimages? In the Middle Ages, many people - both men and women - went on short or long pilgrimages. A pilgrimage is a trip you take to a famous religious place. Christians, Jews, and Muslims went on pilgrimages. Most people walked, and others rode horses or went [...]

Al Ghazali – Medieval Islamic science

By |2018-04-18T17:19:15+00:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Tomb of the scholar Qabus, Gurgan, Iran (built about 1010 AD) Al Ghazali was born in northern Persia in 1058 AD, under the rule of the Seljuks. His father followed Sufism. But he died when Al Ghazali was still a boy. One of his father's friends took al Ghazali and his brother in. When Al Ghazali [...]

History of Islam – Religion

By |2018-04-09T23:10:26+00:00July 26th, 2017|Islam, Religion|

Tomb of Ali, the first Imam and the fourth caliph, in Iraq (it was rebuilt about 1500 AD by the Safavids) Medieval Islam was closely related to Judaism and Christianity. Like Jews and Christians, Muslims believed that there was only one God. They called this God 'Allah'. Muslims believed that Moses and Jesus had both existed. They believed that Moses [...]

History of the hajj – Islamic religion

By |2017-07-26T23:17:45+00:00July 26th, 2017|Islam, Religion|

Mohammed praying at the Ka'aba(in an Ottoman book from 1388 AD) From the very beginnings of Islam, in the 600s AD, Muslims believed that Allah wanted them to go to Mecca to pray at the Kaaba at least once in their lifetime. They called this trip the hajj. Most people were too poor to afford such a long and [...]

Mohammed the Prophet – Early Islamic history

By |2018-04-23T15:29:55+00:00July 25th, 2017|History|

Mohammed praying at the Ka'aba(in an Ottoman book from 1388 AD) Mohammed was born in the Arab trading and pilgrimage city of Mecca, in the Arabian peninsula, between 570 and 580 AD. His parents were part of a family of traders. They were not among the ruling families of Mecca, but they were certainly not poor either. Mohammed himself however grew up poor, [...]

Ibn Battuta

By |2018-04-11T23:50:08+00:00May 19th, 2017|Africa, History, Literature|

The travels of Ibn Battuta Ibn Battuta was born in Morocco, in North Africa, in 1304 AD. He was from a rich Muslim family, and he went to the best schools in his hometown of Tangier. When Ibn Battuta was twenty years old, in 1325, he went on hajj to Mecca, as many rich young [...]