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Who were the Maya? Central American history

By | 2017-09-09T16:57:55+00:00 September 9th, 2017|Central America, History|

Maya royal palace at Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico (600s-700s AD) When the Olmec rulers began to lose control of their country about 600 BC, new leaders came forward and took over ruling in Central America (modern Guatemala). These were the Maya. Archaeologists divide Maya history into four time periods, the Pre-Classic, the Classic, and the Post-Classic. The [...]

Mexico and colonization – Central American history

By | 2017-09-08T14:50:54+00:00 September 8th, 2017|Central America, History|

Tenochtitlan under attack (painted in the 1600s) In 1500 AD, the Aztec  controlled most of what is now Mexico. People also called them the Mexica. In 1519, the Aztec ruler, Moctezuma the Younger, was surprised to hear that white men on ships had shown up out of nowhere. Moctezuma invited the strangers to his capital city, [...]

Central and South American history – colonization

By | 2017-09-08T14:37:56+00:00 September 8th, 2017|Central America, History, South America|

Aztec doctor treating people with smallpox (1500s AD, Codex Mendoza) In 1500 AD, the Inca Empire dominated the east coast of South America. Further north, the Aztec empire under Montezuma II controlled Mexico and what is now Guatemala. In the center of South America was the Amazon rain forest. Many people lived there in small groups, hunting and gathering or [...]

What is measles? History of diseases and medicine

By | 2017-09-07T09:26:13+00:00 September 7th, 2017|History, Science|

A kid with measles Measles is a sickness that first makes you feel sick, with a fever, a cough, and a runny nose. Then it gives you a rash all over your skin. It is caused by a virus, and you usually catch it by touching a person with measles, or touching something they [...]

Ancient diseases and doctors – History of medicine

By | 2017-09-06T17:47:19+00:00 September 6th, 2017|Egypt, Science|

Greek doctor letting blood out of a patient because he believes in the four humors Ancient doctors tried to cure everyone who was sick, but they did better with some diseases than with others. Let's look at some common diseases and see what Egyptian, Roman, or Islamic doctors were able to do about them: 1) the common cold virus: [...]

The Shoshone fight the United States

By | 2017-08-14T09:06:48+00:00 August 14th, 2017|History, Native American|

Shoshone woman and baby After the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 AD, some Shoshone people in Wyoming bought horses. These horse-riders split off from the other Shoshone and became the Comanche. The rest of the Shoshone still didn't have horses, even though by about 1750, Shoshone people were trading with the Mandan to their east. The Shoshone sold bison skins and beaver furs to [...]

The Paiute fight the United States

By | 2017-08-13T22:51:17+00:00 August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

Sarah Winnemucca At first the Paiute didn't see any of the Spanish invaders who conquered the Pueblo people around 1500 AD, but they still felt the effects of the invasion. Spanish demands for workers led the Navajo and the Ute to made raids into Paiute land to capture people to sell as slaves. Around 1700, the Paiute were able to buy horses from the Ute (and indirectly from the Pueblo [...]

Mississippians and American history

By | 2017-08-13T18:03:17+00:00 August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

Excavation of a house at Joara The people who lived in the lower Mississippi valley (modern Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama) were not doing so well around 1500 AD. The Little Ice Age of the 1400s, or some other crisis, had weakened their economic and political system. But they were farming corn and beans and living in towns. One [...]

Iroquois and the Revolutionary War

By | 2017-08-13T17:21:16+00:00 August 13th, 2017|History|

Trade beads made in Venice in the 1600s and traded in North America When the first European traders came to the north Atlantic coast, about 1600 AD, the Iroquois were very interested in trading with them. People sold the Dutch traders lots and lots of beaver furs to make hats with, and in exchange they got glass beads and wool blankets, steel knives, sewing needles, and [...]

The Inuit and Canadian history

By | 2017-11-09T18:05:58+00:00 August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

An Inuit village in 1575 AD In 1500 AD, the Inuit weren't doing so well. They had been buying steel and iron weapons from Vikings and East Asian traders. They used their good weapons to hunt whales, and they lived on whale meat and built houses of whalebone. That was still working in Alaska. But in Greenland, the [...]