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Who were the Maya? Central American history

By |2018-04-12T08:53:13+00:00September 9th, 2017|Central America, History|

Maya royal palace at Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico (600s-700s AD) When the Olmec rulers began to lose control of their country about 600 BC, new leaders came forward and took over ruling in Central America (modern Guatemala). These were the Maya. Archaeologists divide Maya history into four time periods, the Pre-Classic, the Classic, and the Post-Classic. The [...]

Mexico and colonization – American history

By |2018-10-02T07:36:12+00:00September 8th, 2017|Central America, History|

Tenochtitlan under attack (painted in the 1600s) In 1500 AD, the Aztec  controlled most of what is now Mexico. People also called them the Mexica. In 1519, the Aztec ruler, Moctezuma the Younger, was surprised to hear that white men on ships had shown up out of nowhere. Moctezuma invited the strangers to his capital city, [...]

Central and South American history – colonization

By |2018-04-29T10:45:08+00:00September 8th, 2017|Central America, History, South America|

South American history: Aztec doctor treating people with smallpox (1500s AD, Codex Mendoza) The Inca, Brazil, and Chile In 1500 AD, the Inca Empire dominated the east coast of South America. Further north, the Aztec empire under Montezuma II controlled Mexico and what is now Guatemala. In the center of South America was the Amazon rain forest. Many people lived [...]

What is measles? History of diseases and medicine

By |2018-04-25T17:11:36+00:00September 7th, 2017|History, Science|

A kid with measles Measles is a sickness that first makes you feel sick, with a fever, a cough, and a runny nose. Then it gives you a rash all over your skin. It is caused by a virus, and you usually catch it by touching a person with measles, or touching something they [...]

Ancient diseases and doctors – History of medicine

By |2017-09-06T17:47:19+00:00September 6th, 2017|Egypt, Science|

Greek doctor letting blood out of a patient because he believes in the four humors Ancient doctors tried to cure everyone who was sick, but they did better with some diseases than with others. Let's look at some common diseases and see what Egyptian, Roman, or Islamic doctors were able to do about them: 1) the common cold virus: [...]

The Shoshone fight the United States

By |2018-05-17T16:30:44+00:00August 14th, 2017|History, Native American|

Shoshone history: a Shoshone woman and baby The Shoshone get horses After the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 AD, some Shoshone people in Wyoming bought horses. These horse-riders split off from the other Shoshone and became the Comanche. At that point, Shoshone history becomes separate from Comanche history. (Read more about the Comanche) The rest of the Shoshone still [...]

The Paiute fight the United States

By |2018-09-24T06:56:08+00:00August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

The Paiute fight back - Sarah Winnemucca was a Paiute activist. The Paiute get horses At first the Paiute didn't see any of the Spanish invaders who conquered the Pueblo people around 1500 AD, but they still felt the effects of the invasion. Early history of the Paiute  Spanish demands for workers led the Navajo and the Ute to made raids into Paiute land [...]

Mississippians and American history

By |2018-11-20T10:05:20+00:00August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

Excavation of a house at Joara The Little Ice Age The people who lived in the lower Mississippi valley (modern Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama) were not doing so well around 1500 AD. The Little Ice Age of the 1400s, or some other crisis, had weakened their economic and political system. But they were farming corn and beans and [...]

Iroquois history: the Revolutionary War

By |2018-04-24T10:20:26+00:00August 13th, 2017|History|

Iroquois history: Trade beads made in Venice in the 1600s and traded in North America Iroquois trade for beads and knives When the first European traders came to the north Atlantic coast, about 1600 AD, the Iroquois were very interested in trading with them. People sold the Dutch traders lots and lots of beaver furs to make hats with, and [...]

The Inuit and Canadian history

By |2017-11-09T18:05:58+00:00August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

An Inuit village in 1575 AD In 1500 AD, the Inuit weren't doing so well. They had been buying steel and iron weapons from Vikings and East Asian traders. They used their good weapons to hunt whales, and they lived on whale meat and built houses of whalebone. That was still working in Alaska. But in Greenland, the [...]