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25 08, 2017

Roman basilicas – Architecture in ancient Rome

By |2019-02-13T17:46:36-07:00August 25th, 2017|Architecture, Government, Romans|0 Comments

Basilica Aemilia, Rome What is a basilica? Sometimes the Romans had things they wanted to do in groups, but inside, out of the weather. Then they met in a basilica (ba-SILL-uh-ka). The word comes from the Greek word basileus, meaning a king. So a basilica started out as the king's hall. Probably the [...]

31 07, 2017

Leaning Tower of Pisa – Italy

By |2019-02-10T09:34:54-07:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|0 Comments

Leaning Tower of Pisa Why did Pisa build a Leaning Tower? The Leaning Tower of Pisa wasn't supposed to lean at all. It was supposed to just be the bell tower for the Cathedral of Pisa. It was to hold the bells that rang to tell people when to come to church. But they built [...]

31 07, 2017

Pisa Baptistery – Medieval Italy

By |2019-02-10T08:57:19-07:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|0 Comments

The baptistery of Pisa, Italy When did Pisa build their baptistery? This baptistery is where people baptized  their children in medieval Pisa (PEE-za), in Italy. The people of Pisa built their round baptistery in the Romanesque style around 1150 AD. What is baptism? Romanesque architecture Pisa in the Middle Ages All our Medieval Europe articles How did Pisa [...]

30 07, 2017

The Duomo in Florence, Italy

By |2019-05-18T21:24:42-07:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|0 Comments

The Duomo in Florence (cathedral) Why did Florence want a new cathedral? The Republic of Florence started to plan this cathedral in the late 1200s AD, when Dante was growing up, to replace the old cathedral from about 500 AD that was too small and old. Medieval Florence Who was Dante? The Florence baptistery Medieval architecture All our medieval Europe articles They [...]

30 07, 2017

Florence Baptistery – Romanesque architecture in Italy

By |2019-02-10T08:22:46-07:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|0 Comments

Florence baptistery: the Romanesque baptistery in Florence, Italy Earlier Florence baptistery (700 AD) Probably people had built an earlier, smaller octagonal baptistery here around 700 AD.  This is where Catholic priests baptized Christian babies in medieval Florence. What is baptism? Medieval Florence Romanesque architecture All our medieval Europe articles This baptistery is also called San Giovanni, the [...]

5 07, 2017

Stone age Greek sculpture

By |2019-04-30T09:05:32-07:00July 5th, 2017|Art, Greeks|0 Comments

Stone Age Greek sculpture: Clay female figure from Franchthi cave When was the earliest Greek sculpture? As in other parts of Europe, the earliest sculptures from Greece are small figurines molded out of clay or carved out of limestone , about 5-10 inches tall. What is limestone? Stone Age art in Northern Europe [...]

5 07, 2017

Greek sculpture – ancient Greece

By |2019-07-21T17:06:32-07:00July 5th, 2017|Art, Greeks|1 Comment

Greek sculpture: Winged Victory (Nike of Samothrace) - Now in the Louvre, Paris What happened to all the Greek statues? Not very much Greek sculpture has survived for us to see. You might think stone statues made of limestone and marble would last well, but both limestone and marble can be burned and [...]

1 07, 2017

Parthenon – Ancient Greek temples

By |2019-09-18T07:52:21-07:00July 1st, 2017|Greeks|2 Comments

Parthenon, Athens The Parthenon was a temple to Athena built on top of the highest hill in Athens, the Acropolis (Acropolis means High City). In the Late Bronze Age, about 1300 BC, the Acropolis had been where the kings of Athens lived (likeTheseus in the myth), and where everybody went to defend themselves [...]

30 06, 2017

Archaic Greece – Stone temples

By |2017-06-30T15:05:48-07:00June 30th, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|0 Comments

Temple of Herakles, Agrigento, Sicily In early Archaic Greek temples, the columns and the roof were made of wood. To keep the wood from rotting, Greek builders put a flat stone under each column. And to help the columns support the weight of the roof, they put a block of wood at the top of [...]

26 06, 2017

What is metamorphic rock? Marble, slate, diamonds

By |2018-05-28T16:21:09-07:00June 26th, 2017|Geology|0 Comments

What is metamorphic rock? Slate rocks in Cascadilla Gorge, Ithaca, New York Metamorphic rocks form under pressure About 450 million years ago, some of the sedimentary rocks began to transform into metamorphic rocks. When sedimentary rocks like limestone or shale were under water, the weight of the water pressed them down. (Read more [...]