Khitan

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Mongols invade India – history of India

By |2018-04-18T23:56:00+00:00July 20th, 2017|History, India|

Mongke Khan Starting in the 400s AD, Turkic and Mongol people had been expanding out of the northern part of Central Asia. They spread all over Europe and Asia. The Huns came first, then the Avars, the Ghaznavids, and the Seljuks. About 1000 AD, the Turkish Ghaznavids invaded northern India from what is now Afghanistan. India was so rich that the Ghaznavids [...]

Who was Guanyin? Chinese Buddhist goddess

By |2018-04-18T17:37:45+00:00June 7th, 2017|China, Religion|

Guanyin, from the Liao Dynasty (about 1000 AD) Guanyin was a Chinese Buddhist goddess based on a real woman, the way Guanti was based on a real man. According to the story, her father murdered her. Guanyin went down to the underworld. But when she got there, she recited the holy books, and that prevented [...]

Song Dynasty China – Medieval China

By |2018-11-07T15:37:41+00:00June 6th, 2017|China, History|

Water-driven grain mill (Song Dynasty) from the Qingming Shang He Tu Northern Song Dynasty The first part of the Song Dynasty is called the Northern Song. In 960 AD, one of the generals of the declining T'ang Dynasty managed to reunify China under his control. The T'ang Dynasty Lots of China articles Emperor [...]

Epic of Manas – Central Asian stories

By |2017-05-31T22:33:53+00:00May 31st, 2017|History|

Uighur princesses (Bezelik Cave) Possibly some time in the Middle Ages, Kyrgyz people began telling the story of Manas, his son Semetei, and his grandson Seitek. In the first part of the Epic of Manas, Manas grows up and becomes Khan. He gets married to the Uighur princess Kanikei, and leads his people [...]

Genghis Khan and the Mongols – Central Asia

By |2017-10-14T14:49:20+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History, Where|

Genghis Khan By 1200 AD, the Mongol and Turkic people of Central Asia had pretty much finished pushing the Indo-Europeans out of power in Central Asia and West Asia, and had taken over ruling the whole area. About 1180 AD the Mongols elected a new king, Genghis Khan (Khan means king), who was [...]

Khitan – History of Central Asia

By |2017-05-31T15:12:14+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Khitan woman, ca. 1000 AD (Musee Guimet, Paris) The Khitan are part of the big group of Turkic and Altaic language speakers from Central Asia who gradually got more and more power during the Middle Ages. By 300 AD, the Khitan were already living in the eastern part of Central Asia, north of [...]

Who were the Jurchen? History of Central Asia

By |2018-09-24T08:47:40+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Jurchen history: A pottery vase from the Jin Dynasty, ca. 1200 AD (Musee Guimet, Paris) Where did the Jurchen come from? Unlike most of the people living in north Asia, the Jurchen did not speak a Turkic or Altaic language. Their language was not related to the other Asian languages. The Jurchen probably [...]

Central Asian Music

By |2018-03-21T14:32:17+00:00May 31st, 2017|Art, Central Asia|

Chinese woman playing an erhu: early bowed instruments Plucking a hunting bow to make music Central Asia was the place where people invented the ancestors of violins and cellos. Siberian or Mongolian people made the first bowed instruments. Because lots of people all over the world used bows and arrows, the first stringed instruments were [...]