Justinian

Home » Justinian

Early Middle Ages – Dark Age Europe

By |2017-08-02T16:40:06+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Interior of Hagia Sophia The Early Middle Ages comes after the fall of Rome, about 400 AD. But all the way through the Early Middle Ages, European people still thought of themselves as living in the Roman Empire and being Romans. Even armies who had invaded by force thought they were Romans. Even armies who [...]

Who were the Visigoths? Early Middle Ages

By |2018-04-09T10:31:12+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Gold coin minted by King Euric,with the name of the Roman Emperor on it The Visigoths established a kingdom for themselves within the collapsing Roman Empire in 418 AD. They took over most of south-western France (Aquitaine), a very fertile area where many Romans lived. The Visigoths at first acted more or less as representatives of the Roman government. They [...]

The Vandals – Early Middle Ages

By |2017-09-03T15:11:45+00:00August 2nd, 2017|Africa, History, Medieval|

The Rhine river, frozen over The Vandals first entered the collapsing Roman Empire from Germany in the winter of 409 AD. They crossed the frozen Rhine river with a group of Alans and Sueves. The Vandals were taking advantage of a rebellion within the Empire that kept the Romans from defending themselves well. The Vandals (with the Alans and [...]

Theodoric and the Ostrogoths

By |2017-08-02T14:37:31+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Ostrogothic helmet By 476 AD, the Ostrogoths were still living north of the Black Sea, but the Roman Emperors no longer had any practical power in the West. In that year, the last Roman Emperor in the West, Romulus Augustulus, was deposed, and a Hun named Odoacer took charge of what was left of the Western Empire (mainly Italy). Odoacer sent [...]

The Avars – Early Middle Ages

By |2018-03-21T15:11:55+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Grasslands of Central Asia - the steppe homeland of the Avars Ruled by the Rouran The Avars were a mostly Turkic group of people. We first hear of them living in Central Asia under the rule of the Rouran, in the 400s AD. The Chinese, who lived to their south-east, called the Avars the Juan-Juan. Like other Central [...]

Justinian – Byzantine Reconquest – A later Roman emperor

By |2018-11-13T10:10:43+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Justinian - Byzantine mosaic from Ravenna, Italy (500s AD) Justinian and Theodora The Roman Emperor Justinian took power when his uncle, Justin, died in 527 AD. Before becoming emperor, Justinian married Theodora. That upset a lot of people because she was an actress. Many Roman people thought all actresses were bad women. But in fact Theodora [...]

Heraclius – Byzantine Empire

By |2018-04-24T08:13:16+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Justin II (on a gold coin) After Justinian died in 565 AD, Justin II became the next Roman Emperor. But Justin and his successors could not hold the great empire Justinian had reassembled. It was too expensive to pay for all those soldiers and ships. In 568 AD, the Lombards invaded Italy and took half of it away from Rome. Justin, [...]

Anastasius to Justin – Byzantine history

By |2018-04-23T11:49:45+00:00August 1st, 2017|History, Medieval|

The Byzantine empress Ariadne, who married Anastasius. Now in the Louvre museum in Paris When the Roman Emperor Zeno died in 491 AD, his widow Ariadne chose one of Zeno's advisors, Anastasius, to become the new emperor (and she married him too). Zeno left the Empire in good shape, with plenty of money in the treasury. Anastasius was an older man when [...]

Hagia Sophia – Istanbul

By |2017-07-30T22:50:32+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Hagia Sophia, Istanbul (500s AD) The Roman emperor Constantius II built a big church next to the imperial palace in Constantinople (now Istanbul) in the 300s AD. But people burned it down in riots in 404. Pulcheria soon had the church rebuilt. But rioters burned it down again during the Nike Riots of 532. So the emperor Justinian needed to rebuild [...]