Indo-European

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15 09, 2017

Vis and Ramin – Iran – West Asian stories

By |2019-09-04T07:31:34-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

A Parthian noblewoman This is a story from the Parthian Empire, but the earliest written version that we still have is by the Islamic poet Gorgani, about 1050 AD: King Mobad of Marv saw the beautiful Queen Shahru, and asked her to marry him, but she was already married. Instead, Queen Shahru promised to send King Mobad her daughter to marry, [...]

15 09, 2017

Sohrab and Rustem – Iran – West Asian stories

By |2019-09-04T07:31:52-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Sohrab and Rustem: The death of Sohrab (Iranian painting) Where did this story come from? This story is probably an old Indo-European story that Persian people told even before they moved south into Iran about 2000 BC. It's probably related to the Indian story of Dushyanta, the German story of Hildebrand and the Greek story of Achilles and Penthesileia, though [...]

4 09, 2017

Jupiter, a Roman god

By |2019-10-20T19:02:43-07:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|0 Comments

Jupiter, a Roman god (fresco from the House of the Dioscuri, Pompeii, ca. 79 AD) Who was Jupiter? Jupiter was the chief of the gods for the Romans, the way Zeus was for the Greeks and Thor was for the Germans. In fact, they must have all originally been the same Indo-European sky god. Jupiter and Zeus really have the same [...]

7 08, 2017

European science in the 1800s

By |2019-09-17T11:37:45-07:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe|2 Comments

European boys at school in the 1800s More schools and more scientists In the first half of the 1800s AD, countries in northern Europe like France and Britain forced other countries to give them food. European armies conquered India, Ghana, Nigeria, Canada, and other places. Europe made those places poorer while Europe got richer. Enlightenment science Colonization and empire African-American [...]

4 08, 2017

Tristan and Isolde – King Arthur’s Round Table

By |2018-04-22T10:26:50-07:00August 4th, 2017|Literature, Medieval|0 Comments

Tristan and Isolde, in a German woodcut (1400s AD) In the story, Isolde was a princess in Ireland, and a great healer. She was the best doctor in the land. One day this guy Tristan shows up. He's been sent by his uncle King Mark to get Isolde and bring her back for King Mark to marry. [...]

2 08, 2017

The Slavs – Early Slavic History

By |2019-09-16T20:53:50-07:00August 2nd, 2017|Medieval|3 Comments

Early Slavic history: Where did the Slavs come from? A Slavic furnace from Novae, in Bulgaria (300s AD) - maybe a pottery kiln? The Slavs were Indo-Europeans The Slavs, who spoke a branch of Indo-European, first moved to Europe from West Asia around 2000 BC, about the same time as the Greeks moved to Greece. Many Slavs settled in [...]

2 08, 2017

Magyars – Early Medieval Hungary

By |2017-08-02T14:17:41-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Ural mountains In the Early Middle Ages, Turkic and Mongol people in Central Asia were moving westward, pushing out Indo-European people - and other people - who had been living there. The Magyars, who were probably distant cousins of the Turkic people, had been living in the Ural Mountains. But the Gokturks and other Turkic people like the Khazars pushed [...]

2 08, 2017

The Lombards – Early Medieval Italy

By |2018-04-15T16:50:52-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Lombard Christian altar (700s AD) (University of Alabama) In 568 AD, a Turkic people, the Avars, pushed the Indo-European Lombards out of their home in Central Europe. This was the westernmost edge of a general tendency for Turkic people to take over more of Asia around this time. The Lombards moved south into northern Italy, and conquered it from [...]

27 07, 2017

The Yamnaya and the Indo-European language family

By |2018-04-21T13:20:00-07:00July 27th, 2017|Central Asia, History|3 Comments

Yamnaya get around: Map of the spread of Indo-European languages Who were the Yamnaya? People we call the Yamnaya (Ukrainian for "People who lived in pits") seem to have been speaking an early version of the Indo-European language at least as early as 5000 BC in the area between the Black Sea and the Caspian [...]

27 07, 2017

Languages and Writing

By |2018-04-23T15:33:13-07:00July 27th, 2017|Literature|0 Comments

Cuneiform tablet from West Asia Most people in the ancient Mediterranean and West Asian areas spoke languages that divided into two groups. One language group is Indo-European and the other group is Semitic. In southern Africa, most people spoke either a Bantu language or a Khoisan language. Indian people spoke Dravidian languages. Central Asian people spoke variations of Turkic [...]