Ibn al-Nafis

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Renaissance Science in Europe

By |2017-08-07T21:36:38+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Science|

Copernicus, a Renaissance astronomer Starting in the 1200s AD, as Europe got richer, great universities got started there. In the later Middle Ages, West Asia and India suffered from the Mongol invasions. West Asian people were too poor to send their children to the old university at Baghdad. In the 1300s, the Black Death killed so many people in Egypt that the old university at Cairo also didn't have [...]

Medieval Islamic medicine – the first hospitals and quarantines

By |2018-04-18T18:18:05+00:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Islamic medicine: From an Ottoman manuscript, two doctors telling the pharmacist how to make different medicines Writing medical encyclopedias Doctors made big scientific advances in medicine during the Islamic empire. Islamic doctors began by collecting all the medical observations and logic of the past. They translated the work of Hippocrates and his followers, and Galen, into Arabic. About 750 [...]

al Nafis – Discoveries of Islamic scientists

By |2017-07-27T08:02:08+00:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Illustration in Ibn al Nafis Ibn al Nafis was born in Syria in the early 1200s AD, just as the power of the Seljuks was collapsing. He studied medicine in Damascus (in Syria) at first, but then moved to Cairo, in Mamluk Egypt, to work with the best doctors of his time (and maybe to escape the Mongol [...]

Saladin and the Ayyubid Dynasty

By |2018-04-19T13:51:11+00:00July 23rd, 2017|History, Islam|

Saladin When the First Crusade defeated the Fatimid Caliphs and captured Jerusalem in 1099 AD, people were very upset. People in Egypt and Syria gradually decided that the Fatimids were too weak to rule anymore. One of their generals, Saladin (Salah ad-Din ibn Ayyub in Arabic), took over control from the Fatimids. He founded the Ayyubid dynasty (ai-YOU-bid). Citadel [...]

Doctors and medicine in ancient Egypt

By |2018-10-18T10:29:46+00:00June 19th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, Science|

Ancient Egyptian medicine: Egyptian boys being circumcised, from the tomb of the Vizier Ankhmahor and his wife Mereruka Sixth Dynasty (Old Kingdom, ca. 2300 BC) Best doctors in the Western world Throughout all of antiquity, from the Stone Age to the Islamic period, the doctors of Egypt were the best in the Western [...]