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Medieval African clothing – more and more cotton

By | 2017-10-02T17:38:01+00:00 October 2nd, 2017|Africa, Clothing|

Cotton cloth made in Gujarat, India andfound in Fustat (Cairo, Egypt) - ca. 800 AD(Now in Oxford, England) People first began to weave cotton in India, also around 2000 BC, but cotton weaving soon spread to Egypt, and all down the east side of Africa. By the 400s AD, the people of Meroe and Kush were growing and weaving cotton for their clothes. Before 800 AD, [...]

Fatimid Caliphate architecture

By | 2017-07-22T07:09:31+00:00 July 22nd, 2017|Africa, Architecture, Islam|

Al-Azhar Mosque, Cairo (Egypt, 900s AD) As soon as the Fatimid dynasty took over ruling Egypt, in 908 AD, the new rulers of Egypt needed to show how important and strong they were. One way of showing that was to build impressive new buildings like the Al-Azhar Mosque in their new capital, Cairo. The Fatimid [...]

Medieval African Architecture

By | 2017-05-23T16:47:01+00:00 May 18th, 2017|Africa, Architecture, History, Medieval|

Al-Azhar Mosque, Cairo (Egypt, 900s AD) The Middle Ages saw a tremendous explosion of architecture all over Africa as Africans became richer than they had ever been before. In Egypt, the Fatimids built mosques and forts, and the new city of Fustat (Cairo). More trade with India made the people of East Africa finally rich enough to [...]

Iron Age Architecture in Africa

By | 2017-05-23T16:27:09+00:00 May 18th, 2017|Africa, Architecture, History|

Palace at Meroe, ca. 900 BC (thanks to Royal Ontario Museum) During the Bronze Age, only Egypt was rich enough to build stone buildings. But during the Iron Age, starting about 1000 BC, other parts of Africa started to trade with other parts of the world, and got rich enough to build in stone. In Meroe (modern [...]

African Religions

By | 2017-05-23T16:27:27+00:00 May 18th, 2017|Africa, History, Religion|

Standing stones at Nabta Playa (modern Sudan), ca. 6000 BC The earliest evidence we have for religious faith in Africa is from Blombos Cave in South Africa, where people may have been using red ochre for funerals about 100,000 years ago. Around 6000 BC, people put up standing stones in East Africa (modern [...]

Ancient Meroe and Aksum – Early Sudan

By | 2017-10-25T22:50:32+00:00 May 18th, 2017|Africa, History, Where|

Aksum obelisk The earliest people probably evolved from other primates  around a million years ago. That may have happened in or near what is now Sudan, south of Egypt. At first all people were hunters and gatherers. But by around 4000 BC, Nubians domesticated millet and sorghum and were farming. In Aksum (now [...]