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Year of the four emperors – History of Rome

By | 2017-09-03T16:37:36+00:00 September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

The Roman emperor Nero With the end of the family of Augustus, some people thought that Rome might go back to being a real Republic again. But nobody really remembered how to do that, and anyway they were too afraid of civil wars. But they got civil wars anyway, for the next year. Nero killed [...]

Constantius and Julian – Later Roman Empire

By | 2017-09-03T11:51:43+00:00 September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

The Roman emperor Constantius II, son of Constantine Constantine died in 337 AD. His three surviving sons split the Empire among them, but they soon fought among themselves, and with rebels in Gaul (France), until by 350 AD his son Constantius II was the only one left alive. Like his father, Constantius II was a Christian. [...]

Claudius – Roman emperor – Ancient Rome

By | 2017-09-03T08:49:35+00:00 September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

The Roman emperor Claudius (died 54 AD) Claudius was born in 10 BC in the city of Lugdunum in Gaul (modern Lyons, France). His mother was Antonia Minor, Mark Anthony's youngest daughter with Octavia, and his father was Drusus, Tiberius' younger brother. Because his mother was the emperor Augustus' niece, Claudius was related to Augustus. And his uncle Tiberius was [...]

Caligula – Emperor of Rome – Ancient Rome

By | 2017-09-02T22:13:16+00:00 September 2nd, 2017|History, Romans|

The Roman emperor Caligula Caligula's real name was Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (after his ancestors Julius Caesar and Augustus). But everyone called him Caligula because when he was a little boy he lived in military camps where his father was the general. In the camps, he wore little soldier boots. So the [...]

Roman government – ancient Rome

By | 2017-09-02T16:27:29+00:00 September 2nd, 2017|Government, Romans|

The Senate house had great big bronze doors on it. (One of the Popes moved those doors to a Christian church in Rome, but they're still the same doors). From 500 BC to nearly 1500 AD, for two thousand years, Roman government had more or less the same system. Of course there were some changes in Roman government over that time too! [...]

Domitian’s palace – Domus Flavia – Roman architecture

By | 2017-09-29T12:37:21+00:00 August 26th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

This is the facade, or front entrance, to Domitian's palace, the Domus Flavia Vespasian, the first emperor of the Flavian Dynasty in Rome, had been popular because he lived plainly and acted like he was equal to everyone else. He built the Colosseum. But his son Domitian was different. He wanted everyone to know that he was [...]

Pliny, Trajan, and the Christians

By | 2017-08-23T08:55:16+00:00 August 23rd, 2017|Religion, Romans|

The Roman emperor Trajan (A.D. 98-117) in the Vatican. By the time that Trajan was the Roman Emperor, around 100 AD, Christianity was definitely illegal. We have some letters written by Pliny, the governor of Bithynia (in Turkey) to the Emperor Trajan, asking for advice about some Christians Pliny had found in Bithynia. Pliny understood that if the Christians confessed they [...]

History of Christianity – World Religions

By | 2017-09-29T08:13:31+00:00 August 21st, 2017|Religion, Romans|

One of the earliest images of Jesus, from St. Callisto catacomb in Rome (ca. 250 AD) Around the time of the beginning of the Roman Empire, a new religion began among the Jews living in Israel: Christianity. People seem to have felt that these new governments - these big empires - needed bigger, more organized religions to stand up [...]

Basil, Zoe, and the Armenian Dynasty

By | 2017-08-01T16:42:13+00:00 August 1st, 2017|History, Medieval|

Basil I (867-886 AD) Basil killed Bardas and took over as Roman Emperor in 867 AD. That started the Armenian Dynasty. People call it that because of Basil's Armenian ancestors. (Sometimes people call it the Macedonian Dynasty because Basil was born in Macedon.) Basil continued basically the same policies as Bardas had. He was nice to the Bulgars [...]

Anastasius to Justin – Byzantine history

By | 2017-08-01T16:03:23+00:00 August 1st, 2017|History, Medieval|

The Byzantine empress Ariadne, now in the Louvre museum in Paris When the Roman Emperor Zeno died in 491 AD, his widow Ariadne chose one of Zeno's advisors, Anastasius, to become the new emperor (and she married him too). Zeno left the Empire in good shape, with plenty of money in the treasury. Anastasius was an older man when he became emperor, [...]