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Who were the Valdivia people? South American history

By | 2017-09-09T18:03:10+00:00 September 9th, 2017|History, South America|

Valdivian carving, ca. 3500-2000 BC People probably first reached Ecuador by boat, about 13,000 BC. They were coming down the Pacific Coast from North America. These people settled in river valleys along the coast. They hunted and gathered their food, some on land but mostly by fishing in the ocean. About the same time as people in Asia and Africa, they started farming. Around 8000 BC, they [...]

South American and Central American architecture

By | 2017-09-08T15:22:56+00:00 September 8th, 2017|Architecture, Central America, South America|

Olmec Pyramid, La Venta, Mexico (500 BC) The earliest big buildings from South America are in Ecuador and Peru, along the Pacific coast. The Norte Chico people and the Valdivia people built stone temples there as early as 3500 BC. Later on, people also built stone buildings in Central America (modern Mexico). Olmec people built them about 1150 [...]

Where does chocolate come from? South America

By | 2017-10-14T15:18:41+00:00 June 21st, 2017|Food, South America, What|

Cocoa pods grow right from the trunk of the cocoa tree! (Thanks World Cocoa Foundation) Chocolate comes from cocoa beans, which grew on trees in Central America and South America starting probably about 100 million years ago. Cocoa trees may have gotten their start on the lower slopes of the Andes Mountains. Cocoa trees [...]

Where do bananas grow today?

By | 2017-06-20T15:01:39+00:00 June 20th, 2017|Central America, Food|

Bananas growing on a banana tree Bananas were the hip new food in Europe in the 1400s AD, so it's not surprising that the first Portuguese sailors who came to the Americas brought banana seeds with them. The sailors wanted to try growing bananas in the Caribbean and Brazil, just as they brought [...]