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Mexico and colonization – American history

By |2018-10-02T07:36:12+00:00September 8th, 2017|Central America, History|

Tenochtitlan under attack (painted in the 1600s) In 1500 AD, the Aztec  controlled most of what is now Mexico. People also called them the Mexica. In 1519, the Aztec ruler, Moctezuma the Younger, was surprised to hear that white men on ships had shown up out of nowhere. Moctezuma invited the strangers to his capital city, [...]

Central and South American history – colonization

By |2018-04-29T10:45:08+00:00September 8th, 2017|Central America, History, South America|

South American history: Aztec doctor treating people with smallpox (1500s AD, Codex Mendoza) The Inca, Brazil, and Chile In 1500 AD, the Inca Empire dominated the east coast of South America. Further north, the Aztec empire under Montezuma II controlled Mexico and what is now Guatemala. In the center of South America was the Amazon rain forest. Many people lived [...]

What is Dysentery? – History of diarrhea

By |2018-08-30T04:48:48+00:00September 6th, 2017|Greeks, Science|

History of Dysentery: Dysentery came from germs in your drinking water. Here people are washing clothes in the river (India) What is dysentery? Dysentery means having trouble with your insides - your intestines. You might say you had a tummy-ache. It usually means that you have very serious diarrhea. The history of dysentery [...]

Comanche history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-24T10:40:21+00:00August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

Comanche women (1800s) From Shoshone to Comanche Pueblo people captured Spanish horses in the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 AD, and they sold some of those horses to the Shoshone, in what is now Wyoming. The Shoshone who had horses split off from the other Shoshone. They called themselves the Nermernuh, but their Ute neighbors called them the Comanche. [...]

Spain loses her colonies – 1800s

By |2018-04-28T17:48:29+00:00August 6th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Maria Christina Spain was among the first Western countries to get colonies in the 1500s, and it was among the first to lose its colonies in the 1800s. In 1810, Chile declared independence. Then in 1821, Mexico and Peru became independent too. At the same time, Spain began to rock back and forth between democracy and [...]

Cromwell and Early Modern Britain

By |2018-04-12T08:53:24+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

James I of England When Queen Elizabeth died in 1603 AD, she left England in very good shape. Because Elizabeth had no children, she left power to her nephew James I, the son of her sister Queen Mary. James I was 37 years old. He was already king of Scotland, and by giving power to James [...]

Eighth Crusade – Medieval Europe

By |2017-08-03T11:08:24+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Louis IX sailing to Tunis with the Eighth Crusade (1270 AD) When Blanche of Castile died, her son Louis IX of France had to spend some time at home in France getting things organized. But then Louis' youngest brother Charles encouraged him to try another Crusade. The Seventh Crusade, which Louis led, had ended in failure in 1254 AD, [...]

Philip Augustus and Blanche of Castile

By |2018-09-21T08:49:12+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Medieval France: The castle at Dourdan, built by Philip Augustus Philip Augustus, King of France Louis VII's son, Philip Auguste, was much more ambitious and smarter than his father. Philip came to the throne in 1180 AD, when he was only fourteen years old. Go back to Louis VII Articles about medieval Europe Philip [...]

King John and the Magna Carta

By |2018-04-24T09:04:03+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Prince John on a coin When Richard the Lionhearted died in 1199 AD (when he was 42), his younger brother John became king. The lords (the rich men) of England hated John. They hated him partly because John had taxed everyone so much to pay for the Third Crusade. And they also hated him because John seems [...]