Descartes

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Science in Early Modern Europe

By |2018-04-13T01:12:09+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Science|

Early modern science: Tycho Brahe (He looks funny because his nose got cut off in a duel and he wore a false one made of brass.) New observatories in Europe Europe's colonialism and slave trading brought a lot of money to Europe. By 1600 AD the fashion for building new observatories that had swept from China west [...]

Enlightenment – European religion

By |2017-08-07T09:21:04+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Religion|

René Descartes All this fighting about religion meant that people in Europe spent a lot of time thinking about what they really believed. So by 1630 AD, some people got some new ideas about God. This was the beginning of the Enlightenment. In 1630, Rene Descartes wrote that people should only believe things that had been proven to [...]

Immanuel Kant – European philosophy

By |2018-04-11T18:23:26+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Immanuel Kant, a European philosopher Immanuel Kant's family and childhood By the end of the 1700s AD, Germany was beginning to be a more powerful country. France was busy with the Revolution, and the next important European philosopher after Rousseau came from Germany: Immanuel Kant. Unlike earlier philosophers, Kant never traveled more than ten miles from his home in [...]

Thomas Hobbes – European philosophy

By |2018-04-23T09:44:15+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Thomas Hobbes, a European philosopher Thomas Hobbes (yes, he's the one that Calvin named his tiger after) lived in England, about fifty years after Calvin and about the same time as Descartes. While Hobbes' sister was kept at home, as a man Hobbes got to go to college at Oxford and read Thucydides, Aristotle, and other ancient authors. After [...]

René Descartes – European philosophy

By |2018-04-11T18:19:13+00:00August 6th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

René Descartes was one of the earliest philosophers of the European Enlightenment, in the early 1600s AD. He was just 8 years younger than Hobbes. While Descartes was growing up, Henry IV was killed, Marie de Medici ruled, and then Richelieu. Descartes' mother died in childbirth when he was a baby. As a Catholic, Descartes went to Jesuit school. [...]

Margaret Cavendish – European Philosophy

By |2018-04-11T18:19:38+00:00August 6th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Margaret Cavendish Margaret Cavendish was a little younger than Hobbes and Descartes, but she knew both men. She had many philosophical debates with them when they were all living in Paris. Cavendish proposed that even things that seemed separate from your body, like thinking or dreaming, were really just part of the working of your brain. [...]