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What is rubber? History of rubber

By |2018-04-08T11:21:56+00:00September 8th, 2017|Science, South America|

A big rubber tree in Mexico Olmec people, living in southern Mexico, invented rubber about 1600 BC. It was just as they were beginning to build their empire. Rubber starts out as the sap of a Central American tree - the rubber tree. You tap the tree or cut it down for the sap. Then you mix the sap [...]

African-American slavery – American history

By |2018-04-24T11:04:40+00:00August 14th, 2017|Africa, North America, People|

Slave fort in Ghana Although other people, both white and Native American, have been held as slaves in North America, the experience of the African people who were forced to come to North America as slaves was more unusual, because more than half of the people living in slave states were slaves. Most of the people who became [...]

History of Bicycles

By |2018-04-11T18:26:49+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Science|

A velocipede Bicycles were invented bit by bit in many different countries. They grew out of earlier inventions like wheels (from Central Asia) and wheelbarrows (from China), but Karl von Drais, a German inventor, built the first riding machine with two wheels, one in front of the other, that you had to balance on, in 1817. Like wheelbarrows, this [...]

History of Angola – African History

By |2018-04-19T15:03:13+00:00May 24th, 2017|Africa, History|

Kingdom of Ndongo In 1500 AD, some of the people who lived in what is now Angola were Bantu and some were San. A Bantu man from Congo, Kiluanje, probably started the kingdom of Ndongo there. Ndongo was sometimes pretty much independent, but at other times the rulers of Kongo also ruled Ndongo. Ndongo's capital [...]

History of Ghana – African History

By |2018-04-13T14:22:37+00:00May 23rd, 2017|Africa, History|

Ghana history: A village in Ghana Ashanti Empire At the end of the Middle Ages, most of Ghana was divided into small villages, whose people called themselves the Ashanti. Most Ashanti people grew yams as their staple food, clearing the forest for their fields. Ashanti people got a lot richer when the supply [...]

History of the Congo

By |2018-04-09T23:56:37+00:00May 23rd, 2017|Africa, History|

Mbanza Kongo, capital of the Kingdom of Kongo By 1500 AD, the Kingdom of Kongo had been around for more than a hundred years and it was doing great. People in the Kingdom of Kongo were selling ivory, iron and copper pots, pottery, and raffia cloth north to West Africa, and east to [...]

African Economy Learning Activity

By |2018-04-09T10:31:08+00:00May 22nd, 2017|Africa, Crafts, Economy|

African salt caravan To have a chance to think about what these economic trades would have meant to African people, imagine you are one of these people (if you're in a class, a group of kids can be each person). Think about what you might buy from the other people, and what you [...]

Early African Pottery

By |2018-04-09T10:31:08+00:00May 19th, 2017|Africa, Art|

Early African pottery: Vase from Nubia (modern Sudan), ca. 3000 BC The idea of making pottery got started in China and Japan about 14,000 BC. People probably used clay pots as a way of storing food or fermenting fish. Pottery-making slowly spread west to India, Iran, Mesopotamia, and then from there to Africa. [...]

Medieval African Economy

By |2018-04-10T00:08:51+00:00May 19th, 2017|Africa, Economy, History, Medieval|

Medieval African economy: A salt caravan across the Sahara Desert West African caravan trade The African economy had always involved international trade. But trade became even more important in the Middle Ages. Starting around 1000 AD, West African traders also sold gold. Traders with camels carried the gold across the Sahara from West Africa [...]