Confucius

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Stoics – Greek and Roman philosophy

By |2018-04-18T17:19:14+00:00August 16th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

Cicero, a Roman philosopher The Stoics were a group of philosophers who first began teaching their ideas in the Hellenistic period. Stoicism was founded by a man named Zeno, who lived from 335-263 BC. He was friendly with the successors of Alexander who ruled Greece. Zeno lived in Athens, which was a great center of learning. He used to [...]

Ancient philosophy: ethics, fate, and science

By |2018-04-24T11:55:01+00:00August 16th, 2017|Philosophy|

Weighing the souls of the dead Philosophy means the love of wisdom. But what does that mean? It's hard to separate philosophy from religion. And it's also hard to draw a line between philosophy and science and mathematics. All of these are parts of people's search to make order out of nature. They're a way of [...]

Who was Anaximander? Infinity and Greek science

By |2017-07-18T07:32:45+00:00July 18th, 2017|Greeks, Science|

Theater of Miletus Anaximander was born about 610 BC in the Greek city of Miletus, in what is now Turkey. So he was able to have the great mathematician Thales of Miletus as his teacher. Thales was probably about 35 when Anaximander was twenty years old. The two mathematicians worked together for most of their lives. Anaximander [...]

Greek philosophy – ancient Greece

By |2018-10-02T08:47:34+00:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

Greek philosophy at a symposium: men talking at a party - Loan Ant.103.18.The Fitzwilliam Museum The beginnings of philosophy In the 500s BC, people all over Europe and Asia became more and more interested in great philosophical questions. Why are we here? How does the world work? Why do things happen the way [...]

Chinese Philosophy – Taoism and Confucianism

By |2018-04-18T17:19:17+00:00June 7th, 2017|China, Philosophy|

"Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism are one" (Song Dynasty, ca. 1100 AD) The first major philosopher who lived in China was Lao Tzu (if he really existed). He lived about 600 BC, under the Eastern Zhou dynasty. Lao Tzu founded the philosophy of Taoism. Taoism said that people should try to live in harmony with [...]

Confucius’ Philosophy – Chinese Philosophy

By |2018-10-05T05:45:00+00:00June 7th, 2017|China, Philosophy|

What was Confucius' philosophy? Confucius' philosophy Confucius was a philosopher in ancient China, about 500 BC. That was about the same time as Buddhism was getting going in India and a little before Socrates in Greece. It was after Lao Tzu developed Taoism. Taoism in ancient China Buddhism in India Greek philosophy Confucius' [...]

Confucius Biography – the Chinese philosopher

By |2018-10-05T05:51:26+00:00June 7th, 2017|China, Philosophy|

Confucius life: Later portrait of Confucius, from the provincial museum of Shandong, China Confucius' childhood The philosopher Confucius' main interest was to figure out ways for the government to do a better job of taking care of the people. He lived in China during the 500s BC, under the Eastern Zhou dynasty. Eastern [...]

Later Chinese religion – 1500 to the present

By |2018-04-18T09:54:11+00:00June 4th, 2017|China, Religion|

In 1500 AD, most people in China prayed to their traditional gods. The most accepted philosophy was Taoism. But many other people were Buddhists, and rejected Taoism. Because of the Mongol Empire and the Silk Road, more and more people in China were Muslims, as well. In the 1540s, the Ming Dynasty Emperor Jiajing, who [...]

Who were the Jurchen? History of Central Asia

By |2018-09-24T08:47:40+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Jurchen history: A pottery vase from the Jin Dynasty, ca. 1200 AD (Musee Guimet, Paris) Where did the Jurchen come from? Unlike most of the people living in north Asia, the Jurchen did not speak a Turkic or Altaic language. Their language was not related to the other Asian languages. The Jurchen probably [...]