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Caribbean history – South America

By |2018-04-08T21:33:38+00:00September 8th, 2017|History, South America|

Arawak or Carib woman swimming with her kids ca. 1580 AD Arawak people had conquered the Caribbean islands about 300 BC. Then about 1200 AD, Carib people started trying to conquer the Arawak. In the middle of this process, with some islands Carib and others still Arawak, the first European invaders showed up to conquer them all. When Christopher [...]

Karl Marx – European philosophy

By |2018-04-09T23:07:35+00:00August 7th, 2017|Economy, Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Karl Marx, a European philosopher and economist The famous German philosopher Hegel died when Karl Marx was 13 years old. Marx must have heard a lot about Hegel when he was in school in Germany. Hegel's ideas about a dialectic or conversation between opposites which led to a sort of compromise or truth inspired Marx [...]

Printing spreads around the world

By |2018-04-23T15:45:45+00:00July 27th, 2017|Literature|

Qing dynasty court lady reading a handwritten scroll (probably 1700s AD) Printing with movable type first began in China about 1000 AD. It caught on when European printers combined movable type with the alphabet. By 1500 AD Europeans were printing everything they could think of, from Bibles to ancient Greek philosophy to advertising leaflets and posters. Jewish refugees from Spain brought [...]

Chinese Science History – Ming and Qing Dynasties

By |2018-04-18T09:54:11+00:00June 4th, 2017|China, Science|

During the Ming Dynasty, not many scientists were working in China; most people who wanted to do science moved west to the big universities of Central Asia. But when Jesuit missionaries from Europe brought newly invented telescopes to China in 1615 AD, Chinese astronomers were just as excited about it as the Western astronomers had [...]

Later Chinese religion – 1500 to the present

By |2018-04-18T09:54:11+00:00June 4th, 2017|China, Religion|

In 1500 AD, most people in China prayed to their traditional gods. The most accepted philosophy was Taoism. But many other people were Buddhists, and rejected Taoism. Because of the Mongol Empire and the Silk Road, more and more people in China were Muslims, as well. In the 1540s, the Ming Dynasty Emperor Jiajing, who [...]

Women in China – History – 1500 to the present

By |2018-04-18T09:54:12+00:00June 4th, 2017|China, People|

Empress Xiaozhuang In the 1600s AD, most women in China still suffered from oppression, as they had in antiquity and the Middle Ages. They couldn't own land, and they had to live with their husbands' families and were frequently abused. All Chinese girls except the very poorest were forced to bind their feet. [...]

Later Central Asian Economy

By |2018-04-16T10:38:36+00:00May 30th, 2017|Central Asia, Economy|

Grasslands of Central Asia - the steppe In 1500 AD, most of Central Asia was grassland.  Nomads rode horses and tended big herds of cattle there. Only in the western part of Central Asia were people farming wheat and barley and rye. But gradually over the course of the next 500 years, Russian rulers encouraged farmers [...]