colonization

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Colonization timeline – 1500 AD to modern times

By |2018-04-18T23:56:02+00:00September 10th, 2017|Africa, History, When|

Tenochtitlan under attack (painted in the 1600s) Beginning about 1500 AD, Europeans took advantage of new advances in sail technology to invade and take over most of the world beyond Europe. Their colonization had disastrous effects for the people they conquered. The Europeans began by sailing down the Atlantic coast of Africa. They went around Africa to India. And [...]

Mexico and colonization – American history

By |2018-10-02T07:36:12+00:00September 8th, 2017|Central America, History|

Tenochtitlan under attack (painted in the 1600s) In 1500 AD, the Aztec  controlled most of what is now Mexico. People also called them the Mexica. In 1519, the Aztec ruler, Moctezuma the Younger, was surprised to hear that white men on ships had shown up out of nowhere. Moctezuma invited the strangers to his capital city, [...]

Central and South American history – colonization

By |2018-04-29T10:45:08+00:00September 8th, 2017|Central America, History, South America|

South American history: Aztec doctor treating people with smallpox (1500s AD, Codex Mendoza) The Inca, Brazil, and Chile In 1500 AD, the Inca Empire dominated the east coast of South America. Further north, the Aztec empire under Montezuma II controlled Mexico and what is now Guatemala. In the center of South America was the Amazon rain forest. Many people lived [...]

American history after colonization

By |2018-04-19T11:29:05+00:00August 13th, 2017|History, North America|

Venetian trade bead from the 1400s AD Just about 1500 AD, many, many people in North America began to die from mysterious diseases like smallpox and measles that nobody in North America had ever seen before. Soon people saw that they were catching these diseases from European sailing men who had come to the Atlantic coast to trade knives and [...]

King Louis XIV – history of France

By |2018-05-17T16:20:24+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

King Louis XIV of France Louis XIV becomes king of France When Anne of Austria decided to retire, in 1661 AD, her son Louis XIV took over ruling France. (Find out more about Anne of Austria) Louis was 23 years old when he took power. Like his mother, Louis was most interested in getting more power [...]

European history – 1500 to now

By |2018-04-12T08:53:24+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Vasco da Gama and Columbus used ships like these During the 1500s AD, the people of Europe got much richer than they had been in the Middle Ages. With the collapse of the Mongol Empire, European traders gave up on trying to reach India and China overland. The Islamic kingdoms of West Asia were too much in the way. They changed direction [...]

Colonization and Empire – Europe

By |2018-04-08T21:33:36+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

British colonialist in a litter carried by local men Napoleon's empire in Europe ended a lot of the old powers. But when Napoleon lost power in 1815 AD, rich men just built new empires. Even though the Enlightenment and the French Revolution had tried to bring political equality to everyone, the 1800s were a time of tremendous inequality instead. [...]

Europe’s early modern economy

By |2018-04-08T11:14:16+00:00August 4th, 2017|Economy, Modern Europe|

Members of the painters' guild in Haarlem (1670s) In the Renaissance, as cities grew all over Europe and more people began to buy things in stores instead of making them at home, many cities and towns developed a system of guilds that controlled who could make things and how. In France and England and Switzerland, this guild system began [...]

Europe’s economy in the 1800s

By |2018-04-16T10:32:28+00:00August 4th, 2017|Economy, Modern Europe|

A British merchant ship in the Caribbean, in the 1860s By 1800 AD, France, Britain, and Spain were all getting rich. They used their strong armies and navies to take wood, food, and cotton from other countries without paying for them. France was taking things from West Africa and Haiti. Britain was taking stuff from India, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. [...]